Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; brackish; demersal; dH range: 6 - 18; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Subtropical; 10°C - 25°C (Ref. 13614)
Asia: China . Regularly imported from southern China to Europe. It is possible that this species has escaped in the European waters (Ref. 59043). Reported from Taiwan (Ref. 5193).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.4 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 114983); common length : 7.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 35840); max. published weight: 18.80 g (Ref. 114983)
Absence of dark spot at upper caudal base. Caudal peduncle with high adipose crests. Lamina circularis spade-shaped with crenulated posterior margin (Ref. 59043).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kottelat, M., 2012. Conspectus cobitidum*: an inventory of the loaches of the world (Teleostei: Cypriniformes: Cobitoidei). The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, Suppl. (26):1-199. (Ref. 92804)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00575 (0.00335 - 0.00989), b=3.04 (2.89 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .