Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Labeoninae
Etymology: Osteochilus: Greek, osteon = bone + Greek, cheilos = lip (Ref. 45335). More on author: Valenciennes.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 6.5 - 7.5; dH range: 12 - 20; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 22°C - 28°C (Ref. 12468)
Asia: Thailand to Viet Nam and Indonesia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 24.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 30857)
Presence of broad black mid-lateral stripe that ends at caudal-fin base (Ref. 12693); 10-13 branched dorsal rays; reddish caudal fin; 1 or 3 tubercles at tip of snout (Ref. 43281).
Lives in highland streams to lowland rivers and peats (Ref. 57235). Found in a variety of habitats, but frequently in sluggish, turbid waters (Ref. 43281). Occur in midwater to bottom depths in rivers, streams, canals and swamps. Moves into flooded forests and grassland during the flood season. It returns to the rivers later, with highest numbers appearing from December to February. Used to make prahoc and nuoc mam (Ref. 12693).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kottelat, M., A.J. Whitten, S.N. Kartikasari and S. Wirjoatmodjo, 1993. Freshwater fishes of Western Indonesia and Sulawesi. Periplus Editions, Hong Kong. 221 p. (Ref. 7050)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01202 (0.00616 - 0.02345), b=3.05 (2.89 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.0 ±0.00 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (32 of 100) .