Sargocentron macrosquamis, Bigscale squirrelfish

Sargocentron macrosquamis Golani, 1984

Bigscale squirrelfish
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Sargocentron macrosquamis
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes(Genre, Espèce) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Holocentriformes (Squirrelfishes, soldierfishes) > Holocentridae (Squirrelfishes, soldierfishes) > Holocentrinae
Etymology: Sargocentron: Greek, sargos = sargus + Greek, kentron = sting (Ref. 45335);  macrosquamis: Named for the large scales of the opercle (Ref. 27370).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Écologie

; marin récifal; profondeur 4 - 22 m (Ref. 27370).   Tropical

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Indian Ocean: Red Sea to Mozambique and the oceanic islands.

Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - 4.7 cm
Max length : 9.0 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 4201)

Description synthétique Morphologie | Morphométrie

Épines dorsales (Total): 11; Rayons mous dorsaux (Total): 13-14; Épines anales 4; Rayons mous anaux: 9 - 10. Body red with silvery reflections on many scales, shading to silvery white on lower part of the head, thorax, and anterior abdomen, scale edge light red; 5-6 oblique scale rows on cheek; body depth 2.3-2.7 in SL; head length (HL) 2.45-2.65 in SL; snout length 3.6-4.0 in HL; interorbital width 5.0-5.4 in HL; mouth terminal to slightly inferior; maxilla extending to a vertical at front edge of pupil or slightly before or beyond to it; upper jaw length 2.85-3.2 in HL; anterior end of nasal bone rounded; moderately large, spineless nasal fossa; upper surface of nasal bone between nasal fossa and edge of premaxillary groove with a retrorse spine; median edge of nasal bone with a retrorse spine and sometimes another anterior to it; preopercular spine 1.6-2.2 in orbit diameter, 4.75-6.4 in HL; spinules on posterior margin of preopercle 31 (on a 4.6 cm SL specimen) to 33-46 (6.25-6.85 cm); 3rd-5th dorsal spines subequal, the longest, 1.85-2.25 in HL; 3rd anal spine 1.45-1.75 in HL; broadly rounded caudal fin lobes (Ref. 27370)

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

Minimum depth reported taken from Ref. 30573.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur : Randall, John E. | Collaborateurs

Randall, J.E., 1998. Revision of the Indo-Pacific squirrelfishes (Beryciformes: Holocentridae: Holocentrinae) of the genus Sargocentron, with descriptions of four new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. (27):105 p. (Ref. 27370)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 123251)

  Non évalué 

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme

  Harmless





Utilisations par l'homme

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 25.7 - 28.9, mean 27.5 °C (based on 467 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01585 (0.00759 - 0.03307), b=2.98 (2.81 - 3.15), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Résilience (Ref. 120179):  Haut, temps minimum de doublement de population inférieur à 15 mois (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnérabilité (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .