Acipenser naccarii, Adriatic sturgeon : fisheries

Acipenser naccarii Bonaparte, 1836

Adriatic sturgeon
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Acipenser naccarii   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Acipenser naccarii (Adriatic sturgeon)
Acipenser naccarii
Picture by Andreoli, R.

Classificação / Names Nomes comuns | Sinónimos | Catalog of Fishes(Género, Espécies) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Acipenseriformes (Sturgeons and paddlefishes) > Acipenseridae (Sturgeons) > Acipenserinae
Etymology: Acipenser: Latin, acipenser = sturgeon, 1853 (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Bonaparte.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologia

; marinhas; Água doce; estuarina demersal; anádromo (Ref. 51243); intervalo de profundidade 10 - 40 m (Ref. 93286).   Temperate; 46°N - 37°N, 10°E - 20°E

Distribuição Países | Áreas FAO | Ecossistemas | Ocorrências | Point map | Introduções | Faunafri

Europe: Adriatic Sea and its tributaries between Po (Italy) and Buna (Albania) drainages. Recorded from Corfu; present in lowermost part of Adriatic rivers from Soca to Drin. Records from Tyrrhenian slope of Italy, Spain and France are erroneous. In Appendix II of the Bern Convention (strictly protected fauna). International trade restricted (CITES II, since 1.4.98; CMS Appendix II). Only a single surviving naturally- spawning population at confluence of Ticino and Po; occasional records from Adriatic Sea and coastal rivers; spawning populations survived in Albania, but have possibly been extirpated. Status of threat: critically endangered.

Tamanho / Peso / Idade

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 200 cm TL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 3397); peso máx. Publicado: 25.0 kg (Ref. 3193)

Descrição breve Morfologia | Morfometria

Espinhos dorsais (total): 0; Raios dorsais moles (total): 36-48; Raios anais moles: 24 - 31. Snout moderate, very broad and rounded at tip. Lower lip continuous, interrupted at center. Barbels nearer to tip of snout than to mouth and not touching it. Five rows of scutes, dorsal 10-14 (the middle ones deeper and usually larger than those at front), lateral 32-42 on each side, ventral 8-11 on each side, with no smaller plates between dorsal and lateral rows. Back is olivaceous brown, flanks lighter, belly white.

Biologia     Glossário (ex. epibenthic)

Occurs in the sea close to shore and estuaries, not entering pure marine waters. In freshwater, it inhabits large deep rivers (Ref. 59043). A long-lived species which is found mainly over sand and mud. Feeds on bottom-living invertebrates and small fishes. Reproduction takes place from May to July. Is threatened by habitat destruction, pollution and overfishing (Ref. 26100). The flesh is used for food but the eggs are not consumed as caviar (Ref. 6866).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturidade | Reprodução | Desova | Ovos | Fecundidade | Larvas

Enters rivers from March to May, and presumably spawns then.

Referência principal Upload your references | Referências | Coordenador | Colaboradores

Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)

Categoria na Lista Vermelha da IUCN (Ref. 123251)

  Criticamente ameaçada (CR) (A2bcde; B2ab(i,ii,iii,iv,v)); Date assessed: 24 October 2009

CITES (Ref. 123416)


Ameaça para o homem

  Harmless





Utilização humana

Pescarias: espécies comerciais
FAO - Aquacultura: produção; pescarias: perfil da espécie; Publication: search | FishSource |

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 14.7 - 18.2, mean 17.4 °C (based on 12 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00324 (0.00143 - 0.00732), b=3.17 (2.99 - 3.35), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Nível Trófico (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.50 se; based on food items.
Resiliência (Ref. 120179):  Muito baixo, tempo mínimo de duplicação da população maior que 14 anos (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerabilidade (Ref. 59153):  Very high vulnerability (86 of 100) .
Categoria de preço (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 19.7 [9.7, 36.9] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.236 [0.145, 0.402] mg/100g ; Protein = 16.5 [13.8, 19.3] % ; Omega3 = 0.725 [0.361, 1.480] g/100g ; Selenium = 28.3 [13.3, 69.3] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 8.78 [2.59, 27.76] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.527 [0.350, 0.827] mg/100g (wet weight);