分類 / Names
俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes(屬, 種) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; 淡水 底中水層性; 深度上下限 - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). 溫帶; 0°C -
Europe: Don drainage. Records of Leuciscus leuciscus from Don drainage may possibly refer to Leuciscus danilewskii.
前蘇聯: 頓河 (頓河， Donets ， Khoper ， Bityug 與 Manych) 的流域.
大小 / 重量 / 年齡
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 24.0 cm SL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 59043); 最大年齡: 7 年 (Ref. 59043)
Diagnosed from congeners in Europe by the following characters: subinferior or subterminal mouth; subequal jaws, upper jaw slightly longer; upper lip tip about level with center of eye; snout not projecting; lower jaw articulation in front of or below anterior margin of eye; horizontal branch of preoperculum as long as or slightly longer than vertical branch; and lateral line with 35-41 + 2-4 scales (Ref. 59043).
Prefers to live in main course of rivers with clear water, moderate to slow current, sand or sand-clay bottom. Commonly stays on bottom at 0.3-3 m deep. Avoids turbid and still waters. Occurs in small groups of individuals of similar size. Feeds mainly on insects and their larvae, molluscs, also on other benthic invertebrates and algae. Breeds in stretches with heavy current and stone bottom. Eggs are sticky and slightly transparent. Larvae which don't possess adhesive glands lie passively on bottom (Ref. 59043).
Life cycle and mating behavior
成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | 卵 | 孕卵數 | 仔魚
Sticky and slightly transparent eggs, 2.0 mm in diamater, hatch in 9 days at 13°C (Ref. 59043).前蘇聯: 頓河 (頓河， Donets ， Khoper ， Bityug 與 Manych) 的流域.
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)
合作者照片Stamps, Coins Misc.聲音神經毒速度泳型鰓區Otoliths腦重體重比眼睛色素
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00646 (0.00292 - 0.01429), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
營養階層 (Ref. 69278
): 2.8 ±0.2 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回復力 (Ref. 120179
): 中等的, 族群倍增時間最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .