Echidna catenata, Chain moray : fisheries, aquarium

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Echidna catenata (Bloch, 1795)

Chain moray
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Echidna catenata   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Echidna catenata (Chain moray)
Echidna catenata
Picture by Wirtz, P.

分類 / Names 共通名の | 類義語 | Catalog of Fishes(部類, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Anguilliformes (Eels and morays) > Muraenidae (Moray eels) > Muraeninae
Etymology: Echidna: Greek, echidna = viper, 1847 (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Bloch.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態学

; 海 関連する礁; 深さの範囲 - 12 m (Ref. 9710), usually - 2 m (Ref. 40849).   Tropical; 0°C - ; 33°N - 30°S, 82°W - 14°W

分布 国々 | 国連食糧農業機関の区域 | エコシステム | 事件 | Point map | 導入 | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: Bermuda, Florida (USA), and the Bahamas to the Antilles (Ref. 26340) and Brazil. Eastern Atlantic: Cape Verde (Ref. 34514) and Ascension Island (Ref. 4450). The only record from West Africa is probably erroneous (Ref. 4450). Also southern Atlantic islands (Ref. 26938).

サイズ / 重さ / 年齢

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 165 cm TL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 26340); common length : 40.0 cm TL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 5217)

簡単な記述 形態学 | 形態計測学

With short blunt snout, yellow chain-like markings, teeth bluntly pointed or molar-like especially on roof of mouth (Ref. 26938).

生物学     用語集 (例 epibenthic)

A benthic and solitary species (Ref. 26340) found commonly on reefs and rocky shore areas. Feeds on small fishes and crustaceans (Ref. 5521). At Fernando de Noronha Archipelago, off NE Brazil, forages for sally lightfoot crabs (Grapsus grapsus) on exposed reefs at ebb tide and in tide-pools mostly at daytime. Able to withstand up to 30 minutes out of water while foraging, uses four main tactics both in and out of the water. Searches for prey at pool rims and rock bases poking into crevices and holes, stealthily approaches previously sighted prey, chases prey and ambushes prey from under rocks and crevices. Hunting success varies with employed tactic, but overall success is about 50%. May move up to 6 meters in about 1 hour while foraging on the exposed reef. Its crab hunting is mostly visually guided and a fish darting nearby a stealthily foraging moray may cause it to miss the strike; the missed crab may be chased up to 5 m on the reef. Able to strike with its body partly or entirely out of the water, usually strikes from a distance of 5 to10 centimeters. Small crabs are swallowed whole, whereas larger ones are torn apart by a combination of tugging, rotating, knotting, and thrashing movements. Handling time is related to prey size, the largest crabs (carapace width 2.3-3.2 times larger than moray’s head width) broken up and swallowed within 90 to 240 seconds. Attracted to plastic or rubber decoys dragged on a nylon string nearby, striking at these (Ref. 50922).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟 | 繁殖 | 放精 | | 生産力 | 幼生

Oviparous (Ref. 35581).

主な参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | コーディネーター | 協力者

Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)

IUCNのレッドリストの状況は (Ref. 124695)

  軽度懸念 (LC) ; Date assessed: 16 August 2011

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

人間に対する脅威

  Harmless





Human uses

水産業: 少数商業の; 水族館・水槽: 商業
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

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共通名の
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代謝
捕食動物
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成熟
放精
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生産力

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形態計測学
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参考文献
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シガテラ(食中毒の名前)
速度
泳ぐ 型式
カマ
Otoliths

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インターネットの情報源

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 26.1 - 28.1, mean 27.4 °C (based on 527 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5005   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00050 (0.00025 - 0.00101), b=3.26 (3.09 - 3.43), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
栄養段階 (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.59 se; based on food items.
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  非常に低い, 14年以上の倍増期間の最小個体群 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
弱み (Ref. 59153):  Very high vulnerability (82 of 100) .
価格帯 (Ref. 80766):   Medium.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 21.4 [11.6, 37.4] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.337 [0.194, 0.589] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.6 [17.4, 22.0] % ; Omega3 = 0.106 [0.047, 0.281] g/100g ; Selenium = 55.9 [30.4, 108.2] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 46.9 [12.4, 159.6] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.841 [0.569, 1.198] mg/100g (wet weight);