Echidna catenata, Chain moray : fisheries, aquarium

Echidna catenata (Bloch, 1795)

Chain moray
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Echidna catenata   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Echidna catenata (Chain moray)
Echidna catenata
Picture by Wirtz, P.

Классификация / Names народные названия | синонимы | Catalog of Fishes(род, виды) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Anguilliformes (Eels and morays) > Muraenidae (Moray eels) > Muraeninae
Etymology: Echidna: Greek, echidna = viper, 1847 (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Bloch.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range экология

; морской ассоциированный с рифами; пределы глубины 0 - 12 m (Ref. 9710), usually 0 - 2 m (Ref. 40849).   Tropical; 33°N - 30°S, 82°W - 14°W

распространение страны | регионы FAO | Ecosystems | места находок | Point map | интродукции | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: Bermuda, Florida (USA), and the Bahamas to the Antilles (Ref. 26340) and Brazil. Eastern Atlantic: Cape Verde (Ref. 34514) and Ascension Island (Ref. 4450). The only record from West Africa is probably erroneous (Ref. 4450). Also southern Atlantic islands (Ref. 26938).

Size / Вес / Возраст

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 165 cm TL самец/пол неопределен; (Ref. 26340); common length : 40.0 cm TL самец/пол неопределен; (Ref. 5217)

Краткое описание морфология | морфометрия

With short blunt snout, yellow chain-like markings, teeth bluntly pointed or molar-like especially on roof of mouth (Ref. 26938).

биология     глоссарий (например epibenthic)

A benthic and solitary species (Ref. 26340) found commonly on reefs and rocky shore areas. Feeds on small fishes and crustaceans (Ref. 5521). At Fernando de Noronha Archipelago, off NE Brazil, forages for sally lightfoot crabs (Grapsus grapsus) on exposed reefs at ebb tide and in tide-pools mostly at daytime. Able to withstand up to 30 minutes out of water while foraging, uses four main tactics both in and out of the water. Searches for prey at pool rims and rock bases poking into crevices and holes, stealthily approaches previously sighted prey, chases prey and ambushes prey from under rocks and crevices. Hunting success varies with employed tactic, but overall success is about 50%. May move up to 6 meters in about 1 hour while foraging on the exposed reef. Its crab hunting is mostly visually guided and a fish darting nearby a stealthily foraging moray may cause it to miss the strike; the missed crab may be chased up to 5 m on the reef. Able to strike with its body partly or entirely out of the water, usually strikes from a distance of 5 to10 centimeters. Small crabs are swallowed whole, whereas larger ones are torn apart by a combination of tugging, rotating, knotting, and thrashing movements. Handling time is related to prey size, the largest crabs (carapace width 2.3-3.2 times larger than moray’s head width) broken up and swallowed within 90 to 240 seconds. Attracted to plastic or rubber decoys dragged on a nylon string nearby, striking at these (Ref. 50922).

Life cycle and mating behavior половая зрелость | размножение | нерест | икра | Fecundity | личинки

Oviparous (Ref. 35581).

Основная ссылка Upload your references | ссылки | координатор | соавторы

Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)

Статус Красного Списка МСОП (Ref. 123251)


CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Угроза для людей

  Harmless





Использование человеком

рыболовство: не имеет хозяйственного значения; аквариум: коммерческий
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дополнительная информация

народные названия
синонимы
обмен веществ
хищники
экотоксикология
размножение
половая зрелость
нерест
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
икра
Развитие икры
Возраст/Размеры
рост
Зависимость между длиной и массой тела
Зависимость между длинами
Размерный состав
морфометрия
морфология
личинки
динамика численности личинок
пополнение
численность
BRUVS
ссылки
аквакультура (рыбоводство)
особенности рыбоводства
степень растяжения
генетика
частоты аллелей
наследуемость
болезни
обработка
Nutrients
Mass conversion
соавторы
изображения
Stamps, Coins Misc.
звуки
Ciguatera
скорость
тип плавания
жаберная область
Otoliths
мозг
зрение

инструменты

Специальные отчеты

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 26.1 - 28.1, mean 27.4 °C (based on 527 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5005   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00051 (0.00025 - 0.00105), b=3.25 (3.08 - 3.42), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.59 se; based on food items.
устойчивость к внешним воздействиям (Ref. 120179):  очень низкий, минимальное время удвоения популяции более 14 лет (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Уязвимость (Ref. 59153):  Very high vulnerability (82 of 100) .
Категория цены (Ref. 80766):   Medium.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 21.4 [11.6, 37.4] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.337 [0.194, 0.589] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.6 [17.4, 22.0] % ; Omega3 = 0.106 [0.047, 0.281] g/100g ; Selenium = 55.9 [30.4, 108.2] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 46.9 [12.4, 159.6] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.841 [0.569, 1.198] mg/100g (wet weight);