Trimma macrophthalmum, Large-eyed pygmygoby

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Trimma macrophthalmum (Tomiyama, 1936)

Large-eyed pygmygoby
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Image of Trimma macrophthalmum (Large-eyed pygmygoby)
Trimma macrophthalmum
Picture by Allen, G.R.

Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes(Genus, Soort(en)) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Gobiiformes (Gobies) > Gobiidae (Gobies) > Gobiinae
Etymology: Trimma: Greek, trimma, -atos = something crushed (Ref. 45335);  macrophthalmum: Origin of name not given, but presumably from ‘macro’ for large and the Greek noun ‘opthalmos’, meaning eye; originally spelled as ‘macrophthalmus’, and the spelling is retained because the second half of the specific name is a noun; thus treated as noun in apposition.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; marien rifbewoner; diepteverspreiding 5 - 35 m (Ref. 90102), usually - m (Ref. ).   Tropical; 0°C -

Verspreiding Landen | FAO regio's | Ecosystems | Voorkomen | Point map | Introducties | Faunafri

Indo-West Pacific: East Africa (including Sodwana Bay, South Africa) east to Fiji, north to Japan. Recently recorded from Tonga (Ref. 53797).

Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 2.5 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 2798)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale stekels (totaal): 7; Dorsale zachte stralen (totaal): 9-10; Anale stekels 1; Anale zachte stralen: 8 - 9. Very similar to T. okinawae but lacks predorsal scales (Ref. 37816). Body with ctenoid scales except ventral midline and pectoral base with cycloid scales. Transverse scales 7-8. Mouth slightly oblique upwards. Second spine longest in 1st dorsal; rays of 2nd dorsal nearly equal; anal fin similar to 2nd dorsal; pectoral reaches to vertical of anus; pelvic fins without frenum but connected to basal membrane (Ref. 43541); characterized further by body with greyish matrix with dense red to orange spotting on head and body; median fins with faint yellow spotting; pair of large red spots on base of pectoral fin; longitudinal scale series 26-27; cheek and opercle without scales; depth of body 3.9-4.2 in TL (Ref. 90102).

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

Bottom-dweller of seaward reefs (Ref. 37816). Usually in small groups in caves and under ledges (Ref. 90102).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator | Medewerkers

Hoese, D.F., 1986. Gobiidae. p. 774-807. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 2798)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 124695)

  Niet bedreigd (LC) ; Date assessed: 10 March 2015

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Harmless





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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.1 - 28.8, mean 27.5 °C (based on 420 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01023 (0.00475 - 0.02204), b=3.03 (2.85 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 120179):  Hoog, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd minder dan 15 maanden (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Kwetsbaarheid (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 341 [149, 875] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.3 [0.7, 2.6] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.4 [16.4, 20.2] % ; Omega3 = 0.198 [0.087, 0.417] g/100g ; Selenium = 19.4 [8.3, 46.2] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 153 [38, 553] μg/100g ; Zinc = 2.65 [1.51, 4.51] mg/100g (wet weight);