Notacanthus chemnitzii, Snubnosed spiny eel

Notacanthus chemnitzii Bloch, 1788

Snubnosed spiny eel
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This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Notacanthus chemnitzii   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Notacanthus chemnitzii (Snubnosed spiny eel)
Notacanthus chemnitzii
Picture by Román Marcote, E.

Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes(Genus, Soort(en)) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Notacanthiformes (Halosaurs and deep-sea spiny eels) > Notacanthidae (Deep-sea spiny eels)
Etymology: Notacanthus: Greek, noton = back + Greek, akantha = thorn (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Bloch.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; marien benthopelagisch; diepteverspreiding 125 - 3285 m (Ref. 58426), usually 128 - 1000 m (Ref. 117245).   Deep-water; 61°N - 50°S, 180°W - 180°E

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Worldwide except in tropical waters (Ref. 27363). North Atlantic: Gulf of Mexico and Cape Blanc, Mauritania north to Davis Strait, Canada and Iceland. South Atlantic: off South Africa. Southeast Pacific: off Chile. Eastern Indian Ocean: Australia (Ref. 7300). Southwest Pacific: New Zealand (Ref. 5755).

Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 120 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 4449)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale stekels (totaal): 5 - 12; Dorsale zachte stralen (totaal): 2; Anale stekels 14-17; Anale zachte stralen: 125 - 145; Wervels: 225 - 239. Presence of palatine and dentary teeth in two or more rows. Numerous dorsal spines. Small specimens are pale tan or pale bluish gray, large specimens are dark brown (Ref. 37108).

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302) and epibenthic (Ref. 58426). Not uncommon in depths around 180 m off Iceland and Greenland. Individuals with nearly ripe eggs have been found in late autumn off Iceland. Mostly found at depths well below 200 m, but enters slightly shallower water on Grand Banks in Canada (Ref. 7251). Feeds primarily on sea anemones (Ref. 4449).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator | Medewerkers

Sulak, K.J., 1990. Notacanthidae. p. 133-135. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4449)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 123251)

  Niet bedreigd (LC) ; Date assessed: 14 March 2011

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Harmless





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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 1 - 14.9, mean 6.1 °C (based on 2531 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5161   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00191 (0.00103 - 0.00354), b=3.07 (2.90 - 3.24), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.37 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 27.5 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 120179):  laag, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd 4,5-14 jaar (Assuming tmax>10).
Kwetsbaarheid (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (69 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 13.6 [6.6, 24.7] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.204 [0.112, 0.377] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.1 [16.0, 18.3] % ; Omega3 = 0.215 [0.106, 0.424] g/100g ; Selenium = 24.5 [10.1, 58.2] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 12.3 [2.7, 49.0] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.419 [0.265, 0.667] mg/100g (wet weight);