Notacanthus chemnitzii, Snubnosed spiny eel

Notacanthus chemnitzii Bloch, 1788

Snubnosed spiny eel
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Notacanthus chemnitzii   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Notacanthus chemnitzii (Snubnosed spiny eel)
Notacanthus chemnitzii
Picture by Román Marcote, E.

Classification / Names Populärnamn | synonymer | Catalog of Fishes(Släkte, Arter) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Notacanthiformes (Halosaurs and deep-sea spiny eels) > Notacanthidae (Deep-sea spiny eels)
Etymology: Notacanthus: Greek, noton = back + Greek, akantha = thorn (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Bloch.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; marina bentopelagisk; djupintervall 125 - 3285 m (Ref. 58426), usually 128 - 1000 m (Ref. 117245).   Deep-water; 61°N - 50°S, 180°W - 180°E

Utbredning Länder | FAO områden | Ekosystem | Förekomster | Point map | Utplanteringar | Faunafri

Worldwide except in tropical waters (Ref. 27363). North Atlantic: Gulf of Mexico and Cape Blanc, Mauritania north to Davis Strait, Canada and Iceland. South Atlantic: off South Africa. Southeast Pacific: off Chile. Eastern Indian Ocean: Australia (Ref. 7300). Southwest Pacific: New Zealand (Ref. 5755).

Size / Vikt / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 120 cm TL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 4449)

Short description Morfologi | Morfometri

Taggstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 5 - 12; Mjukstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 2; Taggstrålar i analfenan 14-17; Mjukstrålar i analfenan: 125 - 145; Ryggkotor: 225 - 239. Presence of palatine and dentary teeth in two or more rows. Numerous dorsal spines. Small specimens are pale tan or pale bluish gray, large specimens are dark brown (Ref. 37108).

Biologi     Ordlista (t.ex. epibenthic)

Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302) and epibenthic (Ref. 58426). Not uncommon in depths around 180 m off Iceland and Greenland. Individuals with nearly ripe eggs have been found in late autumn off Iceland. Mostly found at depths well below 200 m, but enters slightly shallower water on Grand Banks in Canada (Ref. 7251). Feeds primarily on sea anemones (Ref. 4449).

Life cycle and mating behavior Könsmognad | Reproduktion | Lek | Ägg | Fecundity | Larver

Main reference Upload your references | referenser | Koordinator | Medarbetare

Sulak, K.J., 1990. Notacanthidae. p. 133-135. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4449)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 14 March 2011

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

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Ytterligare information

Länder
FAO områden
Ekosystem
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Utplanteringar
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Ekologi
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Födointag
Näringsinnehåll
Populärnamn
synonymer
Metabolik
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Ekotoxikologi
Reproduktion
Könsmognad
Lek
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
Ägg
Egg development
referenser
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Genetik
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Ljud
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Otoliths
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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 1 - 14.9, mean 6.1 °C (based on 2531 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5161   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00191 (0.00103 - 0.00354), b=3.07 (2.90 - 3.24), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trofisk nivå (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.37 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 27.5 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
Resiliens (Ref. 120179):  Låg, lägsta populationsfördubblingstid 4,5-14 år (Assuming tmax>10).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (69 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 13.6 [6.6, 24.7] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.204 [0.112, 0.377] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.1 [16.0, 18.3] % ; Omega3 = 0.215 [0.106, 0.424] g/100g ; Selenium = 24.5 [10.1, 58.2] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 12.3 [2.7, 49.0] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.419 [0.265, 0.667] mg/100g (wet weight);