分類 / Names
共通名の | 類義語 | Catalog of Fishes(部類, 種) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
(Carps) > Cobitidae
Etymology: Cobitis: Greek, kobitis, -idos = a kind of sardine; also related with the voice Greek, kobios, Latin gobius = gudgeon (Ref. 45335). More on authors: Heckel & Kner.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; 新鮮な水 底生の漂泳性. Temperate; 48°N - 44°N, 12°E - 22°E
Europe: Danube drainage: systems of Nera (Romania), Sava, Kupa (Slovenia, Croatia), Morava (Serbia), Vit and Iantra (Bulgaria). Extirpated in Jiu (Romania) and perhaps Iantra (Bulgaria).
サイズ / 重さ / 年齢
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.3 cm TL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 85455); 16.0 cm SL (female)
形態学 | 形態計測学
Lamina ocularis absent. Body depth is 10-13% of SL. Pigmentation (Gambetta's longitudinal zone of pigmentation): zone Z2 a continuous narrow line, reaching at least below dorsal base; zone Z3 racing below dorsal base.
Found in moderate to fast-flowing stretches of shallow rivers, on sandy banks and shores, sometimes on rock bottom with submerged vegetation (Ref. 59043). Oviparous, with distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Population not threatened as most are stable and occurs only as a few restricted populations (Ref. 59043).
Life cycle and mating behavior
成熟 | 繁殖 | 放精 | 卵 | 生産力 | 幼生
During courtship, 'the male follows the female and, after both enter dense vegetation (e.g. filamentous algae), the male forms a complete ring around the female's body behind the dorsal as the female releases the eggs' (Ref. 59043).
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
協力者画像Stamps, Coins Misc.音シガテラ（食中毒の名前）速度泳ぐ 型式カマOtoliths脳視覚
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00525 (0.00267 - 0.01033), b=3.07 (2.91 - 3.23), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
栄養段階 (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回復力 (Ref. 120179
): 手段, １．４年～４．４年の倍増期間の最小個体群 (Assumed Fec < 10,000).
弱み (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (32 of 100) .