Gila cypha, Humpback chub

Gila cypha Miller, 1946

Humpback chub
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Gila cypha
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Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes(Gattung, Arten) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Cypriniformes (Carps) > Leuciscidae (Minnows) > Laviniinae
Etymology: Gila: A river flowing from SW Mejico to south Arizona.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ökologie

; süßwasser benthopelagisch; potamodrom (Ref. 51243).   Temperate; 42°N - 36°N

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

North America: upper Colorado River drainage in Wyoming, Colorado, Utah and Arizona, USA.

Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 38.0 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 5723); common length : 25.0 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 12193)

Kurzbeschreibung Morphologie | Morphometrie

Body deep and compressed; caudal peduncle long, extremely slender; fins falcate; caudal fin large, forked; angle along anal fin base continues along upper edge of caudal fin. Large-sized individuals possess large, nearly scaleless hump behind small, depressed head; mouth subterminal, extending to front of small eye; 73-90 scales on lateral line; usually 9 dorsal rays; 10 anal rays; pharyngeal teeth 2,5-4.2. Dark olive-gray above, silver side (Ref. 86798).

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

Inhabits swift, rocky runs and flowing pools. The hump at the back of the head directs fish to maintain position in the swift water (Ref. 86798).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator | Partner

Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 2011. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Boston : Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 663p. (Ref. 86798)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 123251)

  stark gefährdet (EN) (B2ab(v)); Date assessed: 10 February 2012

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Harmless





Nutzung durch Menschen

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Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00445 - 0.02830), b=3.03 (2.81 - 3.25), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  2.0   ±0.2 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Widerstandsfähigkeit (Ref. 120179):  mittel, Verdopplung der Population dauert 1,4 - 4,4 Jahre. (K=0.15-0.22).
Verwundbarkeit (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (50 of 100) .