Gila cypha, Humpback chub

Gila cypha Miller, 1946

Humpback chub
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Gila cypha
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Classification / Names Populärnamn | synonymer | Catalog of Fishes(Släkte, Arter) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Cypriniformes (Carps) > Leuciscidae (Minnows) > Laviniinae
Etymology: Gila: A river flowing from SW Mejico to south Arizona.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; sötvatten bentopelagisk; flodvandrande (Ref. 51243).   Temperate; 42°N - 36°N

Utbredning Länder | FAO områden | Ekosystem | Förekomster | Point map | Utplanteringar | Faunafri

North America: upper Colorado River drainage in Wyoming, Colorado, Utah and Arizona, USA.

Size / Vikt / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 38.0 cm TL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 5723); common length : 25.0 cm TL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 12193)

Short description Morfologi | Morfometri

Body deep and compressed; caudal peduncle long, extremely slender; fins falcate; caudal fin large, forked; angle along anal fin base continues along upper edge of caudal fin. Large-sized individuals possess large, nearly scaleless hump behind small, depressed head; mouth subterminal, extending to front of small eye; 73-90 scales on lateral line; usually 9 dorsal rays; 10 anal rays; pharyngeal teeth 2,5-4.2. Dark olive-gray above, silver side (Ref. 86798).

Biologi     Ordlista (t.ex. epibenthic)

Inhabits swift, rocky runs and flowing pools. The hump at the back of the head directs fish to maintain position in the swift water (Ref. 86798).

Life cycle and mating behavior Könsmognad | Reproduktion | Lek | Ägg | Fecundity | Larver

Main reference Upload your references | referenser | Koordinator | Medarbetare

Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 2011. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Boston : Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 663p. (Ref. 86798)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)

  Endangered (EN) (B2ab(v)); Date assessed: 10 February 2012

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

Ytterligare information

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Internet-källor

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Släkte, Arter | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genome, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Go, sök | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00445 - 0.02830), b=3.03 (2.81 - 3.25), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trofisk nivå (Ref. 69278):  2.0   ±0.2 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resiliens (Ref. 120179):  Mellan, lägsta populationsfördubblingstid 1,4-4,4 år (K=0.15-0.22).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (50 of 100) .