Leuciscus idus, Ide : fisheries, gamefish, aquarium

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Leuciscus idus (Linnaeus, 1758)

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Leuciscus idus
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Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes(Genus, Soort(en)) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Cypriniformes (Carps) > Leuciscidae (Minnows) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Leuciscus: Greek, leykiskos = white mullet (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; zoetwater; brakwater benthopelagisch; pH range: 7.0 - 7.5; dH range: 10 - 15; potamodroom (Ref. 51243); diepteverspreiding 15 - ? m (Ref. 5732).   Temperate; 4°C - 20°C (Ref. 1672); 73°N - 37°N, 7°E - 136°E

Verspreiding Landen | FAO regio's | Ecosystems | Voorkomen | Point map | Introducties | Faunafri

Europe and Asia: Baltic, Black, northern Caspian and North Sea basins, Atlantic basin southward to Seine and lower Loire drainages (France). Absent in Scandinavia north of 69°N. In Asia, eastward to Lena drainage and Aral basin. Introduced to Great Britain and northern Italy (Ref. 59043). Transported to several countries in Europe and the United States for ornament (Ref. 4537).

Length at first maturity / Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 85.0 cm SL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 59043); common length : 30.0 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 556); Maximaal gepubliceerd gewicht: 4.0 kg (Ref. 556); Maximaal vermelde leeftijd: 18 jaren (Ref. 41616)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale stekels (totaal): 3; Dorsale zachte stralen (totaal): 8-11; Anale stekels 3; Anale zachte stralen: 8 - 11; Wervels: 47. Diagnosed from congeners in Europe by the following characters: lateral line with 56-58 + 3 scales; pharyngeal teeth 3,5-5,3; mouth terminal; dorsal fin with 8½ branched rays; anal fin with 10-11½ branched rays; all fins except dorsal fin with reddish tinge; pigmentation on lateral scales lacking regular black mesh (Ref. 59043). Caudal fin with 19 rays (Ref. 2196).

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

Usually inhabits large lowland rivers and nutrient-rich lakes. Adults are solitary while juveniles are gregarious. Undertakes migration to tributaries to spawn in moderate current on gravel or submerged vegetation. Feeds on various aquatic and terrestrial animals and plant material. Larger individuals feed mainly on fishes. Feeding larvae and juveniles thrive in a wide variety of shoreline habitats and leave the shores for deeper waters when growing. Reported to sometimes hybridizes with Aspius aspius (Ref. 59043). Its flesh is not tasty (Ref. 30578). Aquarium keeping: at least 10 individuals; minimum aquarium size >200 cm; not recommended for home aquariums (Ref. 51539).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

"Females spawn only once each season. Individual females spawn with several males. Males assemble at spawning grounds and follow ripe females. Females attach the sticky eggs to gravel or submerged plant material" (Ref. 59043).

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator | Medewerkers

Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 123251)

  Niet bedreigd (LC) ; Date assessed: 01 January 2008

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Harmless





Gebruik door de mens

Visserij: commercieel; vis voor de hengelsport: ja; Aquarium: Commercieel
FAO - Aquacultuur: production; Visserij: landings; Publication: search | FishSource | Sea Around Us

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voedselitems
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Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00759 (0.00575 - 0.01001), b=3.13 (3.10 - 3.16), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.8   ±0.59 se; based on food items.
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 120179):  laag, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd 4,5-14 jaar (tm=5-9).
Kwetsbaarheid (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (63 of 100) .
Prijsklasse (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 91.4 [44.0, 182.6] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.504 [0.293, 0.954] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.8 [17.3, 20.3] % ; Omega3 = 1.37 [0.59, 3.27] g/100g ; Selenium = 18.1 [6.4, 39.4] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 39.6 [11.8, 133.2] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.721 [0.465, 1.122] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.