Leuciscus idus, Ide : fisheries, gamefish, aquarium

Leuciscus idus (Linnaeus, 1758)

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Leuciscus idus
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Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes(Genre, Espèce) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Cypriniformes (Carps) > Leuciscidae (Minnows) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Leuciscus: Greek, leykiskos = white mullet (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Écologie

; eau douce; saumâtre benthopélagique; pH range: 7.0 - 7.5; dH range: 10 - 15; potamodrome (Ref. 51243); profondeur 15 - ? m (Ref. 5732).   Temperate; 4°C - 20°C (Ref. 1672); 73°N - 37°N, 7°E - 136°E

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Europe and Asia: Baltic, Black, northern Caspian and North Sea basins, Atlantic basin southward to Seine and lower Loire drainages (France). Absent in Scandinavia north of 69°N. In Asia, eastward to Lena drainage and Aral basin. Introduced to Great Britain and northern Italy (Ref. 59043). Transported to several countries in Europe and the United States for ornament (Ref. 4537).

Length at first maturity / Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 85.0 cm SL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 59043); common length : 30.0 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 556); poids max. publié: 4.0 kg (Ref. 556); âge max. reporté: 18 années (Ref. 41616)

Description synthétique Morphologie | Morphométrie

Épines dorsales (Total): 3; Rayons mous dorsaux (Total): 8-11; Épines anales 3; Rayons mous anaux: 8 - 11; Vertèbres: 47. Diagnosed from congeners in Europe by the following characters: lateral line with 56-58 + 3 scales; pharyngeal teeth 3,5-5,3; mouth terminal; dorsal fin with 8½ branched rays; anal fin with 10-11½ branched rays; all fins except dorsal fin with reddish tinge; pigmentation on lateral scales lacking regular black mesh (Ref. 59043). Caudal fin with 19 rays (Ref. 2196).

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

Usually inhabits large lowland rivers and nutrient-rich lakes. Adults are solitary while juveniles are gregarious. Undertakes migration to tributaries to spawn in moderate current on gravel or submerged vegetation. Feeds on various aquatic and terrestrial animals and plant material. Larger individuals feed mainly on fishes. Feeding larvae and juveniles thrive in a wide variety of shoreline habitats and leave the shores for deeper waters when growing. Reported to sometimes hybridizes with Aspius aspius (Ref. 59043). Its flesh is not tasty (Ref. 30578). Aquarium keeping: at least 10 individuals; minimum aquarium size >200 cm; not recommended for home aquariums (Ref. 51539).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

"Females spawn only once each season. Individual females spawn with several males. Males assemble at spawning grounds and follow ripe females. Females attach the sticky eggs to gravel or submerged plant material" (Ref. 59043).

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur | Collaborateurs

Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 123251)

  Préoccupation mineure (LC) ; Date assessed: 01 January 2008

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme

  Harmless





Utilisations par l'homme

Pêcheries: commercial; pêche sportive: oui; Aquarium: Commercial
FAO - Aquaculture: production; pêcheries: landings; Publication: search | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Plus d'informations

Noms communs
Synonymes
Métabolisme
Prédateurs
Écotoxicologie
Reproduction
Maturité
Frai
Rassemblement de ponte
Fécondité
Œufs
Développement de l'œuf
Taille/Âge
Croissance
Longueur-poids
Longueur-longueur
Fréquences de longueurs
Morphométrie
Morphologie
Larves
Dynamique des populations larvaires
Recrutement
Abondance
BRUVS
Références
Aquaculture
Profil d'aquaculture
Souches
Génétique
Fréquences alléliques
Héritabilité
Pathologies
Traitement
Nutrients
Mass conversion
Collaborateurs
Images
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Sons
Ciguatera
Vitesse
Type de nage
Surface branchiale
Otolithes
Cerveaux
Vision

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Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00759 (0.00575 - 0.01001), b=3.13 (3.10 - 3.16), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  3.8   ±0.59 se; based on food items.
Résilience (Ref. 120179):  Faible, temps minimum de doublement de population : 4,5 à 14 années (tm=5-9).
Vulnérabilité (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (63 of 100) .
Catégorie de prix (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 91.4 [44.0, 182.6] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.504 [0.293, 0.954] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.8 [17.3, 20.3] % ; Omega3 = 1.37 [0.59, 3.27] g/100g ; Selenium = 18.1 [6.4, 39.4] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 39.6 [11.8, 133.2] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.721 [0.465, 1.122] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.