Leuciscus idus, Ide : fisheries, gamefish, aquarium

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Leuciscus idus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Ide
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Leuciscus idus
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分類 / Names 共通名の | 類義語 | Catalog of Fishes(部類, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Cypriniformes (Carps) > Leuciscidae (Minnows) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Leuciscus: Greek, leykiskos = white mullet (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態学

; 新鮮な水; 汽水性の 底生の漂泳性; pH range: 7.0 - 7.5; dH range: 10 - 15; potamodromous (Ref. 51243); 深さの範囲 15 - ? m (Ref. 5732).   Temperate; 4°C - 20°C (Ref. 1672); 73°N - 37°N, 7°E - 136°E

分布 国々 | 国連食糧農業機関の区域 | エコシステム | 事件 | Point map | 導入 | Faunafri

Europe and Asia: Baltic, Black, northern Caspian and North Sea basins, Atlantic basin southward to Seine and lower Loire drainages (France). Absent in Scandinavia north of 69°N. In Asia, eastward to Lena drainage and Aral basin. Introduced to Great Britain and northern Italy (Ref. 59043). Transported to several countries in Europe and the United States for ornament (Ref. 4537).

Length at first maturity / サイズ / 重さ / 年齢

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 85.0 cm SL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 59043); common length : 30.0 cm TL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 556); 最大公表体重: 4.0 kg (Ref. 556); 最大記録サイズ: 18 年 (Ref. 41616)

簡単な記述 形態学 | 形態計測学

背面の脊椎 (合計): 3; 背鰭 (合計): 8-11; 肛門の骨 3; 臀鰭: 8 - 11; 脊つい: 47. Diagnosed from congeners in Europe by the following characters: lateral line with 56-58 + 3 scales; pharyngeal teeth 3,5-5,3; mouth terminal; dorsal fin with 8½ branched rays; anal fin with 10-11½ branched rays; all fins except dorsal fin with reddish tinge; pigmentation on lateral scales lacking regular black mesh (Ref. 59043). Caudal fin with 19 rays (Ref. 2196).

生物学     用語集 (例 epibenthic)

Usually inhabits large lowland rivers and nutrient-rich lakes. Adults are solitary while juveniles are gregarious. Undertakes migration to tributaries to spawn in moderate current on gravel or submerged vegetation. Feeds on various aquatic and terrestrial animals and plant material. Larger individuals feed mainly on fishes. Feeding larvae and juveniles thrive in a wide variety of shoreline habitats and leave the shores for deeper waters when growing. Reported to sometimes hybridizes with Aspius aspius (Ref. 59043). Its flesh is not tasty (Ref. 30578). Aquarium keeping: at least 10 individuals; minimum aquarium size >200 cm; not recommended for home aquariums (Ref. 51539).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟 | 繁殖 | 放精 | | 生産力 | 幼生

"Females spawn only once each season. Individual females spawn with several males. Males assemble at spawning grounds and follow ripe females. Females attach the sticky eggs to gravel or submerged plant material" (Ref. 59043).

主な参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | コーディネーター | 協力者

Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)

IUCNのレッドリストの状況は (Ref. 123251)

  軽度懸念 (LC) ; Date assessed: 01 January 2008

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

人間に対する脅威

  Harmless





Human uses

水産業: 商業; ゲームフィッシュ: はい; 水族館・水槽: 商業
FAO - 水産養殖: 代謝; 水産業: landings; Publication: search | FishSource | 私達の周りの海

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参考文献
水産養殖
水産養殖の紹介
緊張
遺伝子の
対立遺伝子頻度
遺伝
病気
行列
Nutrients
Mass conversion
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Stamps, Coins Misc.

シガテラ(食中毒の名前)
速度
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カマ
Otoliths

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インターネットの情報源

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00759 (0.00575 - 0.01001), b=3.13 (3.10 - 3.16), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
栄養段階 (Ref. 69278):  3.8   ±0.59 se; based on food items.
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  低い, 4.5年~14年の倍増期間の最小個体群 (tm=5-9).
弱み (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (63 of 100) .
価格帯 (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 91.4 [44.0, 182.6] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.504 [0.293, 0.954] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.8 [17.3, 20.3] % ; Omega3 = 1.37 [0.59, 3.27] g/100g ; Selenium = 18.1 [6.4, 39.4] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 39.6 [11.8, 133.2] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.721 [0.465, 1.122] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.