Leuciscus idus, Ide : fisheries, gamefish, aquarium

Leuciscus idus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Ide
Upload your photos and videos
Pictures | Videos | Google image
Image of Leuciscus idus (Ide)
Leuciscus idus
Picture by Zienert, S.

Classification / Names Populärnamn | synonymer | Catalog of Fishes(Släkte, Arter) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Cypriniformes (Carps) > Leuciscidae (Minnows) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Leuciscus: Greek, leykiskos = white mullet (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; sötvatten; brackvatten bentopelagisk; pH range: 7.0 - 7.5; dH range: 10 - 15; flodvandrande (Ref. 51243); djupintervall 15 - ? m (Ref. 5732).   Temperate; 4°C - 20°C (Ref. 1672); 73°N - 37°N, 7°E - 136°E

Utbredning Länder | FAO områden | Ekosystem | Förekomster | Point map | Utplanteringar | Faunafri

Europe and Asia: Baltic, Black, northern Caspian and North Sea basins, Atlantic basin southward to Seine and lower Loire drainages (France). Absent in Scandinavia north of 69°N. In Asia, eastward to Lena drainage and Aral basin. Introduced to Great Britain and northern Italy (Ref. 59043). Transported to several countries in Europe and the United States for ornament (Ref. 4537).

Length at first maturity / Size / Vikt / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 85.0 cm SL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 59043); common length : 30.0 cm TL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 556); publicerad maxvikt: 4.0 kg (Ref. 556); rapporterad maxålder: 18 år (Ref. 41616)

Short description Morfologi | Morfometri

Taggstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 3; Mjukstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 8-11; Taggstrålar i analfenan 3; Mjukstrålar i analfenan: 8 - 11; Ryggkotor: 47. Diagnosed from congeners in Europe by the following characters: lateral line with 56-58 + 3 scales; pharyngeal teeth 3,5-5,3; mouth terminal; dorsal fin with 8½ branched rays; anal fin with 10-11½ branched rays; all fins except dorsal fin with reddish tinge; pigmentation on lateral scales lacking regular black mesh (Ref. 59043). Caudal fin with 19 rays (Ref. 2196).

Biologi     Ordlista (t.ex. epibenthic)

Usually inhabits large lowland rivers and nutrient-rich lakes. Adults are solitary while juveniles are gregarious. Undertakes migration to tributaries to spawn in moderate current on gravel or submerged vegetation. Feeds on various aquatic and terrestrial animals and plant material. Larger individuals feed mainly on fishes. Feeding larvae and juveniles thrive in a wide variety of shoreline habitats and leave the shores for deeper waters when growing. Reported to sometimes hybridizes with Aspius aspius (Ref. 59043). Its flesh is not tasty (Ref. 30578). Aquarium keeping: at least 10 individuals; minimum aquarium size >200 cm; not recommended for home aquariums (Ref. 51539).

Life cycle and mating behavior Könsmognad | Reproduktion | Lek | Ägg | Fecundity | Larver

"Females spawn only once each season. Individual females spawn with several males. Males assemble at spawning grounds and follow ripe females. Females attach the sticky eggs to gravel or submerged plant material" (Ref. 59043).

Main reference Upload your references | referenser | Koordinator | Medarbetare

Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 01 January 2008

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Fiskeri: kommersiell; sportfisk: ja; Akvarium: Kommersiell
FAO - Vattenbruk: produktion; fiskeri: landings; Publication: search | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Ytterligare information

Age/Size
Tillväxt
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morfometri
Morfologi
Larver
Larvdynamik
Rekrytering
Abundans
BRUVS
referenser
Vattenbruk
Vattenbruksprofil
Avelslinjer
Genetik
Allelfrekvenser
Ärftlighet
Sjukdomar
Behandling
Nutrients
Mass conversion
Medarbetare
Bilder
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Ljud
Ciguatera
Hastighet
Simsätt
Gälyta
Otoliths
Hjärnstorlek
Syn

Verktyg

Special reports

Download XML

Internet-källor

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00759 (0.00575 - 0.01001), b=3.13 (3.10 - 3.16), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trofisk nivå (Ref. 69278):  3.8   ±0.59 se; based on food items.
Resiliens (Ref. 120179):  Låg, lägsta populationsfördubblingstid 4,5-14 år (tm=5-9).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (63 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 91.4 [44.0, 182.6] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.504 [0.293, 0.954] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.8 [17.3, 20.3] % ; Omega3 = 1.37 [0.59, 3.27] g/100g ; Selenium = 18.1 [6.4, 39.4] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 39.6 [11.8, 133.2] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.721 [0.465, 1.122] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.