Cyprinodon nevadensis, Amargosa pupfish : aquarium

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Cyprinodon nevadensis Eigenmann & Eigenmann, 1889

Amargosa pupfish
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Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes(Genre, Espèce) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Cyprinodontiformes (Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Cyprinodontidae (Pupfishes) > Cyprinodontinae
Etymology: Cyprinodon: Latin, cyprinus = carp + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335).  More on authors: Eigenmann & Eigenmann.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Écologie

; eau douce benthoplagique; pH range: 7.5 - 8.0; dH range: 13 - 19; profondeur - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ).   Subtropical; 18°C - 32°C (Ref. 1672); 37°N - 36°N

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

North America: Amargosa River basin in Nevada and California, USA.

Six subspecies were recognized:
Cyprinodon nevadensis nevadensis, restricted to Saratoga Springs and adjoining lakes, Death Valley National Monument in California;
Cyprinodon nevadensis amargosae, restricted to Amargosa River in California;
Cyprinodon nevadensis calidae, now extinct, in outlets of North and South Tecopa Hot Springs in California;
Cyprinodon nevadensis shoshone , in outlet of Shoshone Springs in California; ,br> Cyprinodon nevadensis mionectes, in large springs in lower Ash Meadows in Nevada;
Cyprinodon nevadensis pectoralis, in small springs in hills around Devils Hole, upper Ash Meadows in Nevada.

Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.8 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 86798); common length : 4.5 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 12193)

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

Occurs in springs, their effluents, and spring-fed ponds and lakes (Ref. 5723, 86798). Not a seasonal killifish. Is difficult to maintain in aquarium (Ref. 27139).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

Its reproductive strategies differ from many spring-dwelling pupfishes. Cyprinodon n. amargosae is a group spawner. Males do not establish and defend territories as do males of spring-dwelling subspecies. Instead, a reproductive male usually directs a receptive female to the periphery of the group where spawning occurs, although spawning may even take place in the center of the group (www.death-valley.us).

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur : Costa, Wilson J.E.M. | Collaborateurs

Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 2011. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Boston : Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 663p. (Ref. 86798)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 124695)

  Vulnérable, voir Liste Rouge IUCN (VU) (B1ab(iii)+2ab(iii)); Date assessed: 22 November 2011

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme

  Harmless





Utilisations par l'homme

Aquarium: Commercial
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Sources Internet

AFORO (otoliths) | Alien/Invasive Species database | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Genre, Espèce | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: génôme, nucléotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Arbre de Vie | Wikipedia: aller à, chercher | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01349 (0.00591 - 0.03081), b=3.14 (2.95 - 3.33), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  2.1   ±0.0 se; based on diet studies.
Résilience
Vulnérabilité (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .