Astronotus ocellatus, Oscar : fisheries, gamefish, aquarium

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Astronotus ocellatus (Agassiz, 1831)

Oscar
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Image of Astronotus ocellatus (Oscar)
Astronotus ocellatus
Picture by Schüür, G.

Classification / Names Nombres comunes | Sinónimos | Catalog of Fishes(Género, Especie) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Cichliformes (Cichlids, convict blennies) > Cichlidae (Cichlids) > Astronotinae
Etymology: Astronotus: Greek, astra = ray + Greek, noton = back (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Agassiz.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecología

; agua dulce bentopelgico; pH range: 6.0 - 8.0; dH range: 5 - 19.   Tropical; 22°C - 25°C (Ref. 1672); 4°N - 15°S, 78°W - 47°W

Distribución Países | Áreas FAO | Ecosistemas | Ocurrencias, apariciones | Point map | Introducciones | Faunafri

South America: Amazon River basin in Peru, Colombia and Brazil; French Guiana. Reported from Argentina (Ref. 9086).

Length at first maturity / Tamaño / Peso / Age

Maturity: Lm 12.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 45.7 cm TL macho / no sexado; (Ref. 40637); common length : 24.0 cm TL macho / no sexado; (Ref. 12193); peso máximo publicado: 1.6 kg (Ref. 40637)

Short description Morfología | Morfometría

Espinas dorsales (total): 12 - 14; Radios blandos dorsales (total): 19-21; Espinas anales 3; Radios blandos anales: 15 - 17. Large mouth with thick lips; 7 preopercular pores; first gill arch without lobe; gill rakers short and thick with many denticles; dorsal and anal fins bases densely scaled; many branched rays; body color dark with bright orange opercle margin and ventral parts of the lateral sides of the body; often a black rounded blotch with orange margin at caudal fin base (Ref. 35237).

Biología     Glosario (por ej. epibenthic)

Preferably inhabits quiet shallow waters in mud-bottomed and sand-bottomed canals and ponds (Ref. 5723). Feeds on small fish, crayfish, worms and insect larvae. Quite popular with aquarists but not for aquaculturists because of its slow growth (Ref. 35237). Maximum length 40 cm TL (Ref. 5723). A highly esteemed food fish in South America (Ref. 44091).

Life cycle and mating behavior Madurez | Reproducción | Puesta | Huevos | Fecundidad | Larva

In captivity, both male and female clean a suitable spawning site - often a flat rock , or branches, or in a circular nest excavated in shallow water (Ref. 44091). Eggs (usually numbering in the thousands, Ref. 44091) are deposited and are guarded by both parents. Egg hatch in 3 or 4 days and parent move the fry to a shallow pit in the sand where they remain for 6 or 7 days (Ref. 7020).

Main reference Upload your references | Referencias | Coordinador : Kullander, Sven O. | Colaboradores

Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. (Ref. 5723)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)


CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Pesquerías: comercial; pesca deportiva: si; Acuario: muy comercial
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

Más información

Nombres comunes
Sinónimos
Metabolismo
Despredadores
Ecotoxicología
Reproducción
Madurez
Puesta
Agregación para la puesta
Fecundidad
Huevos
Egg development
Age/Size
Crecimiento
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morfometría
Morfología
Larva
Dinámica larvaria
Reclutamiento
Abundancia
BRUVS
Referencias
Acuicultura
Perfil de acuicultura
Razas
Genética
Frecuencias de alelos
heritabilidad
Enfermedades
Procesamiento
Nutrients
Mass conversion
Colaboradores
Imágenes
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Sonidos
Ciguatera
Velocidad
Tipo de natación
Superficie branquial
Otolitos
Cerebros
Visión

Herramientas

Special reports

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Fuentes de Internet

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02512 (0.00974 - 0.06480), b=3.01 (2.79 - 3.23), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Nivel trófico (Ref. 69278):  2.8   ±0.32 se; based on food items.
Resiliencia (Ref. 120179):  Alto, población duplicada en un tiempo mínimo inferior a 15 meses (Assuming tm<=1; Fec=300-2000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (36 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 111 [59, 222] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.27 [0.76, 2.46] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.7 [16.3, 19.2] % ; Omega3 = 0.263 [0.103, 0.723] g/100g ; Selenium = 51.6 [25.4, 116.3] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 21.5 [6.0, 62.3] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.9 [1.2, 3.2] mg/100g (wet weight);