Luciocephalus pulcher, Pikehead : aquarium

Luciocephalus pulcher (Gray 1830)

Pikehead
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Luciocephalus pulcher
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Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Anabantiformes (Gouramies, snakeheads) > Osphronemidae (Gouramies) > Luciocephalinae
Etymology: Luciocephalus: Latin, lucius, Greek, lykos = wolf = pike, by its predatory habits + Greek,kepahle = head (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Gray.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Écologie

; eau douce benthopélagique; pH range: 6.0 - 7.5; dH range: ? - 15.   Tropical; 22°C - 26°C (Ref. 1672)

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Asia: Peninsular Thailand, Malaysia, Brunei Darussalam and Indonesia (Ref. 56386) and Singapore (Ref. 85309).

Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.0 cm SL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 57235)

Description synthétique Morphologie | Morphométrie

Rayons mous dorsaux (Total): 10-12; Épines anales 0-1; Rayons mous anaux: 19 - 21; Vertèbres: 38 - 40. Distinguished from Luciocephalus aura in the following characters: absence of numerous iridescent green spots on central stripe when live (vs. presence); presence of black irregular pattern on area below preorbital to central stripe (vs. absence); area just above anal-fin base with 3-4 dark brown blotches, which appear circular when body is viewed ventrally (vs. absence of such markings); yellowish caudal fin with 3-5 broad vertical black bars (vs. brownish caudal fin with 3-7 narrow iridescent vertical gold bars); presence of markings on anal and pelvic (vs. absence); shorter caudal-fin length (total length 120.0-125.6% SL vs. 123.7-127.1); shorter postdorsal length (10.4-12.4% SL vs. 12.0-13.2); greater head length (44.1-48.6% SL vs. 43.3-45.9); smaller caudal peduncle depth (8.9-10.6% SL vs 10.7-11.2); and relatively shorter anal-fin base length (19.3-23.4% SL vs. 23.6-24.5) (Ref. 56386).

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

Occurs in streams and flooded forest among dense vegetation (Ref. 56749). Found in primary peats swamps. Mouth brooder (Ref. 57235). Highly protrusible jaws. The premaxillae can extend about 1/3 of the head length. Prey is captured by the fish making a rapid lunge and surrounding the prey with the open mouth.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

Males are mouthbrooding for about 30 days.

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur | Collaborateurs

Nelson, J.S., 1984. Fishes of the world. 2nd edition. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York. 523 p. (Ref. 245)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 123251)

  Préoccupation mineure (LC) ; Date assessed: 18 January 2019

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme

  Harmless





Utilisations par l'homme

Aquarium: Commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

Plus d'informations

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Frai
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Sources Internet

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank(génôme, nucléotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Arbre de Vie | Wikipedia(aller à, chercher) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Résilience (Ref. 120179):  Haut, temps minimum de doublement de population inférieur à 15 mois (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnérabilité (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (25 of 100) .