Luciocephalus pulcher, Pikehead : aquarium

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Luciocephalus pulcher (Gray 1830)

Pikehead
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Luciocephalus pulcher
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分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Anabantiformes (Gouramies, snakeheads) > Osphronemidae (Gouramies) > Luciocephalinae
Etymology: Luciocephalus: Latin, lucius, Greek, lykos = wolf = pike, by its predatory habits + Greek,kepahle = head (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Gray.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 淡水 底中水层性; pH range: 6.0 - 7.5; dH range: ? - 15.   熱帶; 22°C - 26°C (Ref. 1672)

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Asia: Peninsular Thailand, Malaysia, Brunei Darussalam and Indonesia (Ref. 56386) and Singapore (Ref. 85309).
亞洲: 馬來半島與列島。

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.0 cm SL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 57235)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背的软条 (总数): 10-12; 臀棘 0-1; 臀鳍软条: 19 - 21; 脊椎骨: 38 - 40. Distinguished from Luciocephalus aura in the following characters: absence of numerous iridescent green spots on central stripe when live (vs. presence); presence of black irregular pattern on area below preorbital to central stripe (vs. absence); area just above anal-fin base with 3-4 dark brown blotches, which appear circular when body is viewed ventrally (vs. absence of such markings); yellowish caudal fin with 3-5 broad vertical black bars (vs. brownish caudal fin with 3-7 narrow iridescent vertical gold bars); presence of markings on anal and pelvic (vs. absence); shorter caudal-fin length (total length 120.0-125.6% SL vs. 123.7-127.1); shorter postdorsal length (10.4-12.4% SL vs. 12.0-13.2); greater head length (44.1-48.6% SL vs. 43.3-45.9); smaller caudal peduncle depth (8.9-10.6% SL vs 10.7-11.2); and relatively shorter anal-fin base length (19.3-23.4% SL vs. 23.6-24.5) (Ref. 56386).

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Occurs in streams and flooded forest among dense vegetation (Ref. 56749). Found in primary peats swamps. Mouth brooder (Ref. 57235). Highly protrusible jaws. The premaxillae can extend about 1/3 of the head length. Prey is captured by the fish making a rapid lunge and surrounding the prey with the open mouth.

栖息于初期的泥煤沼泽。 口孵鱼.(参考文献 57235) 能高度伸展的颚。 前颌骨能延伸头长的大约 1/3 。 猎物被捕获藉由用张开的嘴制造一个迅速的刺而且围住猎物的鱼。

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Males are mouthbrooding for about 30 days.亞洲: 馬來半島與列島。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Nelson, J.S., 1984. Fishes of the world. 2nd edition. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York. 523 p. (Ref. 245)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 123251)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 18 January 2019

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

水族馆: 商业性
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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网络资源

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | 核实 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank(基因组, 核苷酸) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | 树状分类阶层 | Wikipedia(转至, 搜寻) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | 动物学的记录

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  高度, 族群倍增时间少于 15个月 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (25 of 100) .