分類 / Names
共通名の | 類義語 | Catalog of Fishes(部類, 種) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
(Sturgeons and paddlefishes) > Acipenseridae
(Sturgeons) > Acipenserinae
Etymology: Pseudoscaphirhynchus: Greek, pseudes = false + Greek, skaphe = boat + Greek, rhyngchos = snout (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; 新鮮な水; 汽水性の 底生の; potamodromous (Ref. 51243); 深さの範囲 1 - 2 m (Ref. 109751), usually - m (Ref. ). Temperate; 10°C - 20°C (Ref. 2059)
Asia: Former USSR: Amu Darya River from the Pyandzh to the mouths and lower tributaries. Sometimes in the brackish water of Taldyk Bay, the delta of the Amu Darya in the Aral Sea. Considered close to extinction (Ref. 6866). International trade restricted (CITES II, since 1.4.98; CMS Appendix II). Registered in the 1984 USSR Red Book; 1985 Turkmen SSR Red Data Book; 1996 IUCN Red List; an d1997 CITES Lists (Ref. 35930).
Length at first maturity / サイズ / 重さ / 年齢
Maturity: Lm 45.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 75.0 cm TL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 593); 最大公表体重: 2.0 kg (Ref. 593)
Its natural habitat and population have declined due to the breakage of the hydrological regime of the Amu Dariya River. Usual weight not more than 600-700 grams. Females with mature hard roe, very rare. Apparently sensitive to oxygen content in the water, changes in its chemical content, and to pollution. Fishing is prohibited (Ref. 35930). Spawns at 16° C (Ref. 719).
Life cycle and mating behavior
成熟 | 繁殖 | 放精 | 卵 | 生産力 | 幼生
Berg, L.S., 1962. Freshwater fishes of the U.S.S.R. and adjacent countries. volume 1, 4th edition. Israel Program for Scientific Translations Ltd, Jerusalem. (Russian version published 1948). (Ref. 593)
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00331 (0.00148 - 0.00739), b=3.16 (2.98 - 3.34), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
栄養段階 (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.3 se; based on diet studies.
Generation time: 6.7 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
回復力 (Ref. 120179
): 低い, ４．５年～１４年の倍増期間の最小個体群 (K=0.16; tm=6-7).
弱み (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (55 of 100) .