Pseudoscaphirhynchus kaufmanni, Amu Darya sturgeon : fisheries

Pseudoscaphirhynchus kaufmanni (Kessler, 1877)

Amu Darya sturgeon
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Pseudoscaphirhynchus kaufmanni
Picture by Salnikov, V.B.

Classification / Names Populärnamn | synonymer | Catalog of Fishes(Släkte, Arter) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Acipenseriformes (Sturgeons and paddlefishes) > Acipenseridae (Sturgeons) > Acipenserinae
Etymology: Pseudoscaphirhynchus: Greek, pseudes = false + Greek, skaphe = boat + Greek, rhyngchos = snout (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; sötvatten; brackvatten bottenlevande; flodvandrande (Ref. 51243); djupintervall 1 - 2 m (Ref. 109751).   Temperate; 10°C - 20°C (Ref. 2059)

Utbredning Länder | FAO områden | Ekosystem | Förekomster | Point map | Utplanteringar | Faunafri

Asia: Former USSR: Amu Darya River from the Pyandzh to the mouths and lower tributaries. Sometimes in the brackish water of Taldyk Bay, the delta of the Amu Darya in the Aral Sea. Considered close to extinction (Ref. 6866). International trade restricted (CITES II, since 1.4.98; CMS Appendix II). Registered in the 1984 USSR Red Book; 1985 Turkmen SSR Red Data Book; 1996 IUCN Red List; an d1997 CITES Lists (Ref. 35930).

Length at first maturity / Size / Vikt / Age

Maturity: Lm 45.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 75.0 cm TL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 593); publicerad maxvikt: 2.0 kg (Ref. 593)

Biologi     Ordlista (t.ex. epibenthic)

Its natural habitat and population have declined due to the breakage of the hydrological regime of the Amu Dariya River. Usual weight not more than 600-700 grams. Females with mature hard roe, very rare. Apparently sensitive to oxygen content in the water, changes in its chemical content, and to pollution. Fishing is prohibited (Ref. 35930). Spawns at 16° C (Ref. 719).

Life cycle and mating behavior Könsmognad | Reproduktion | Lek | Ägg | Fecundity | Larver

Main reference Upload your references | referenser | Koordinator | Medarbetare

Berg, L.S., 1962. Freshwater fishes of the U.S.S.R. and adjacent countries. volume 1, 4th edition. Israel Program for Scientific Translations Ltd, Jerusalem. (Russian version published 1948). (Ref. 593)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)

  Critically Endangered (CR) (A2c); Date assessed: 24 October 2009

CITES (Ref. 123416)


Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Fiskeri: kommersiell
FAO - fiskeri: species profile; Publication: search | FishSource |

Ytterligare information

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Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Släkte, Arter | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - fiskeri: species profile; Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genome, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Go, sök | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.6250   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00324 (0.00144 - 0.00726), b=3.16 (2.97 - 3.35), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trofisk nivå (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.3 se; based on diet studies.
Generation time: 6.7 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resiliens (Ref. 120179):  Låg, lägsta populationsfördubblingstid 4,5-14 år (K=0.16; tm=6-7).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (55 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.