Salmo ohridanus : fisheries, aquaculture, gamefish

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Salmo ohridanus Steindachner, 1892

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Salmo ohridanus
Picture by Mircevski, D.

Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes(Genus, Soort(en)) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Salmoniformes (Salmons) > Salmonidae (Salmonids) > Salmoninae
Etymology: Salmo: Latin, salmo, Plinius = salmon (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Steindachner.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; zoetwater demersaal; diepteverspreiding 40 - 60 m (Ref. 12290), usually - m (Ref. ).   Subtropical; 0°C - ; 42°N - 40°N, 20°E - 21°E

Verspreiding Landen | FAO regio's | Ecosystems | Voorkomen | Point map | Introducties | Faunafri

Europe: Lake Ohrid in Albania and Macedonia.

Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 33.6 cm SL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 12290); Maximaal gepubliceerd gewicht: 685.00 g (Ref. 12290); Maximaal vermelde leeftijd: 12 jaren (Ref. 12290)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Distinguished from all its congeners in Balkan Peninsula by the following unique characters: usually 54-55 vertebrae (56-63 in other species of Salmo); and teeth on vomer extending to posterior-most end of shaft. Additional characters, but not unique, useful for its identification include the following: 100-114 scales along lateral line; 11-12 scale rows between lateral line and adipose; 2 supraorbitals; snout blunt, its length about equal to eye diameter; body plain yellowish silvery or with a few small, x-shaped pinkish dots; 18-22 gill rakers; and 25-29 pyloric caeca (Ref. 59043).

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

Occurs in lakes, from surface to about 20 m depth in summer and near shores in winter. Forms schools (Ref. 59043). Feeds on benthic invertebrates, zooplankton and fish larvae. Spawns in December-February. After spawning, it leaves the coastal areas and stays in deep water. Caught mainly in winter at depths of 25-50 m. Highly valued and usually consumed fresh (Ref. 12290). Threatened due to overfishing and the introduction of other species (Ref. 26100) and intentional hybridization that has been going for 50 years (Ref. 59043).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Spawns along shores. Egg hatch in 45-55 days at 10° C (Ref. 59043).

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator | Medewerkers

Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 124695)

  Kwetsbaar, zie IUCN Rode Lijst (VU) (D2); Date assessed: 31 January 2006

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Harmless





Gebruik door de mens

Visserij: commercieel; Aquacultuur: experimenteel; vis voor de hengelsport: ja
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

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Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01047 (0.00495 - 0.02215), b=3.03 (2.86 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.7   ±0.48 se; based on food items.
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 120179):  laag, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd 4,5-14 jaar (tmax=12).
Kwetsbaarheid (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (45 of 100) .
Prijsklasse (Ref. 80766):   Very high.