Salmo ohridanus : fisheries, aquaculture, gamefish

Salmo ohridanus Steindachner, 1892

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Salmo ohridanus
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分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Salmoniformes (Salmons) > Salmonidae (Salmonids) > Salmoninae
Etymology: Salmo: Latin, salmo, Plinius = salmon (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Steindachner.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 淡水 居于水底的; 深度上下限 40 - 60 m (Ref. 12290), usually - m (Ref. ).   亞熱帶的; 0°C - ; 42°N - 40°N, 20°E - 21°E

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Europe: Lake Ohrid in Albania and Macedonia.
歐洲: 阿爾巴尼亞與馬其頓。

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 33.6 cm SL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 12290); 最大体重: 685.00 g (Ref. 12290); 最大年龄: 12 年 (Ref. 12290)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

Distinguished from all its congeners in Balkan Peninsula by the following unique characters: usually 54-55 vertebrae (56-63 in other species of Salmo); and teeth on vomer extending to posterior-most end of shaft. Additional characters, but not unique, useful for its identification include the following: 100-114 scales along lateral line; 11-12 scale rows between lateral line and adipose; 2 supraorbitals; snout blunt, its length about equal to eye diameter; body plain yellowish silvery or with a few small, x-shaped pinkish dots; 18-22 gill rakers; and 25-29 pyloric caeca (Ref. 59043).

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Occurs in lakes, from surface to about 20 m depth in summer and near shores in winter. Forms schools (Ref. 59043). Feeds on benthic invertebrates, zooplankton and fish larvae. Spawns in December-February. After spawning, it leaves the coastal areas and stays in deep water. Caught mainly in winter at depths of 25-50 m. Highly valued and usually consumed fresh (Ref. 12290). Threatened due to overfishing and the introduction of other species (Ref. 26100) and intentional hybridization that has been going for 50 years (Ref. 59043).

出现于湖。 吃底栖的无脊椎动物,浮游动物与仔鱼。 产卵在十二月到二月。 在产卵之后,它离开沿岸区域而且停留在深水域中。 捕捉主要在冬天深度 25-50 公尺。 高度地评价而且通常是生鲜消费。 (参考文献 12290) 受威胁的由于捕捞过度与其他鱼种的引入.(参考文献 26100)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Spawns along shores. Egg hatch in 45-55 days at 10° C (Ref. 59043).歐洲: 阿爾巴尼亞與馬其頓。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 124695)

  次级保育类动物, 见 IUCN 红皮书 (VU) (D2); Date assessed: 31 January 2006

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 商业性; 养殖: 实验的; 游钓鱼种: 是的
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

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特别资料

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网络资源

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | 核实 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: , | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: 基因组, 核苷酸 | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | 树状分类阶层 | Wikipedia: 转至, 搜寻 | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | 动物学的记录

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01047 (0.00495 - 0.02215), b=3.03 (2.86 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.7   ±0.48 se; based on food items.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  低的, 最小族群倍增时间4.5 - 14 年 (tmax=12).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (45 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Very high.