Salmo ohridanus : fisheries, aquaculture, gamefish

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Salmo ohridanus Steindachner, 1892

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Salmo ohridanus
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Classification / Names Nombres comunes | Sinónimos | Catalog of Fishes(Género, Especie) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Salmoniformes (Salmons) > Salmonidae (Salmonids) > Salmoninae
Etymology: Salmo: Latin, salmo, Plinius = salmon (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Steindachner.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecología

; agua dulce demersal; rango de profundidad 40 - 60 m (Ref. 12290), usually - m (Ref. ).   Subtropical; 0°C - ; 42°N - 40°N, 20°E - 21°E

Distribución Países | Áreas FAO | Ecosistemas | Ocurrencias, apariciones | Point map | Introducciones | Faunafri

Europe: Lake Ohrid in Albania and Macedonia.

Tamaño / Peso / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 33.6 cm SL macho / no sexado; (Ref. 12290); peso máximo publicado: 685.00 g (Ref. 12290); edad máxima reportada: 12 años (Ref. 12290)

Short description Morfología | Morfometría

Distinguished from all its congeners in Balkan Peninsula by the following unique characters: usually 54-55 vertebrae (56-63 in other species of Salmo); and teeth on vomer extending to posterior-most end of shaft. Additional characters, but not unique, useful for its identification include the following: 100-114 scales along lateral line; 11-12 scale rows between lateral line and adipose; 2 supraorbitals; snout blunt, its length about equal to eye diameter; body plain yellowish silvery or with a few small, x-shaped pinkish dots; 18-22 gill rakers; and 25-29 pyloric caeca (Ref. 59043).

Biología     Glosario (por ej. epibenthic)

Occurs in lakes, from surface to about 20 m depth in summer and near shores in winter. Forms schools (Ref. 59043). Feeds on benthic invertebrates, zooplankton and fish larvae. Spawns in December-February. After spawning, it leaves the coastal areas and stays in deep water. Caught mainly in winter at depths of 25-50 m. Highly valued and usually consumed fresh (Ref. 12290). Threatened due to overfishing and the introduction of other species (Ref. 26100) and intentional hybridization that has been going for 50 years (Ref. 59043).

Life cycle and mating behavior Madurez | Reproducción | Puesta | Huevos | Fecundidad | Larva

Spawns along shores. Egg hatch in 45-55 days at 10° C (Ref. 59043).

Main reference Upload your references | Referencias | Coordinador | Colaboradores

Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)

  Vulnerable, ver lista roja de la UICN (VU) (D2); Date assessed: 31 January 2006

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Pesquerías: comercial; Acuicultura: experimental; pesca deportiva: si
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

Más información

Países
Áreas FAO
Ecosistemas
Ocurrencias, apariciones
Introducciones
Stocks
Ecología
Dieta
componentes alimenticios
consumo de alimento
Ración
Nombres comunes
Sinónimos
Metabolismo
Despredadores
Ecotoxicología
Reproducción
Madurez
Puesta
Agregación para la puesta
Fecundidad
Huevos
Egg development
Age/Size
Crecimiento
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morfometría
Morfología
Larva
Dinámica larvaria
Reclutamiento
Abundancia
BRUVS
Referencias
Acuicultura
Perfil de acuicultura
Razas
Genética
Frecuencias de alelos
heritabilidad
Enfermedades
Procesamiento
Nutrients
Mass conversion
Colaboradores
Imágenes
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Sonidos
Ciguatera
Velocidad
Tipo de natación
Superficie branquial
Otolitos
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Visión

Herramientas

Special reports

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Fuentes de Internet

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Género, Especie | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genome, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Árbol de la vida | Wikipedia: Go, búsqueda | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Expediente Zoológico

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01047 (0.00495 - 0.02215), b=3.03 (2.86 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Nivel trófico (Ref. 69278):  3.7   ±0.48 se; based on food items.
Resiliencia (Ref. 120179):  Bajo, población duplicada en un tiempo mínimo de 4.5-14 años (tmax=12).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (45 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Very high.