Alburnus alburnus, Bleak : fisheries, aquaculture, bait

Alburnus alburnus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Bleak
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Image of Alburnus alburnus (Bleak)
Alburnus alburnus
Picture by Lorenzoni, M.

رده بندی / Names اسامي عام | مترادف | Catalog of Fishes(جنس, گونه ها) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Cypriniformes (Carps) > Leuciscidae (Minnows) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Alburnus: From the city of Al Bura, where the fish was known (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range بوم شناسي

; آب شيرين; لب شور موجوداتی که در محدوده وسیعی از آبهای آزاد از نزدیک بستر و یا روی کف بستر، در قسمت های میان آبی تا سطح آب و در برخی گونه ها با قابلیت پرواز، زندگی و تغذیه می کنند.; pH range: 7.0 - ? ; dH range: 10 - ?; رود رو (Ref. 51243); تغييرات عمق 1 - ? m (Ref. 30578).   Temperate; 10°C - 20°C (Ref. 2059); 68°N - 35°N, 6°W - 60°E

پراكنش كشورها | مناطق سازمان خوار و بار جهاني (FAO) | Ecosystems | ظهور | Point map | معرفي | Faunafri

Europe and Asia: most of Europe north of Caucasus, Pyrénées and Alps, eastward to Ural and Emba. Naturally absent from Iberian Peninsula, Adriatic and Aegean basins (except Maritza drainage), Italy, Ireland, Great Britain (except southeast), Norway and Scandinavia north of 67°N, Caspian basin south of Volga. In Anatolia, Marmara basin. Locally introduced in Spain, Portugal and Italy. At least one country reports adverse ecological impact after introduction.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / سن

Maturity: Lm 9.9, range 9 - ? cm
Max length : 25.0 cm TL جنس نر / بدون خواص جنسي; (Ref. 30578); common length : 15.0 cm TL جنس نر / بدون خواص جنسي; (Ref. 30578); بيشينه وزن گزارش شده: 60.00 g (Ref. 30578)

توصيف مختصر ريخت شناسي | ريخت ستجي بوسيله انداره گيري

خارهاي باله پشتي (کل): 2 - 4; شعاع نرم باله پشتي (کل): 7-9; خارهاي باله مخرجي 3; شعاع نرم باله مخرجي: 14 - 20; مهره ها: 41 - 44. Diagnosed from congeners in Europe by the possession of the following characters: origin of anal fin below branched dorsal rays 4-5; lateral line with 45-48 + 3 scales; anal fin with 17-20½ branched rays; 16-22 gill rakers; ventral keel exposed from anus to pelvic base; lateral stripe absent in life, faint or absent in preserved specimens; and mouth slightly superior (Ref. 59043). Caudal fin with 19 rays (Ref. 2196). Also Ref. 40476.

زيست شناسي     واژه نامه (بعنوان مثال epibenthic)

Inhabits open waters of lakes and medium to large rivers. Forms large aggregations in backwaters and other still waters during winter. Adults occur in shoals near the surface. Larvae live in littoral zone of rivers and lakes while juveniles leave shores and occupy a pelagic habitat, feeding on plankton, drifting insects or invertebrates fallen on the water surface (Ref. 59043). Feeds mainly on plankton, including crustaceans (Ref. 30578) and insects (Ref. 9696). Spawns in shallow riffles or along stony shores of lakes, occasionally above submerged vegetation (Ref. 59043). Excellent as bait for carnivorous fishes. May be captured using the smallest hook and a fly as bait. Its flesh is tasty (Ref. 30578). Of little interest to commercial or sport fisheries in its native range because of its small size (Ref. 1739). Scales were previously utilized in making Essence d"Orient, a coating for artificial pearls (Ref. 59043).

Life cycle and mating behavior بلوغ | تولید مثل | تخم ریزی | تخم ها | Fecundity | توزاد ( لارو)

Eggs hatch in about 4 days (Ref. 59043).

مآخذ اصلی Upload your references | مراجع | هماهنگ كننده | همكاران

Kottelat, M., 1997. European freshwater fishes. An heuristic checklist of the freshwater fishes of Europe (exclusive of former USSR), with an introduction for non-systematists and comments on nomenclature and conservation. Biologia, Bratislava, 52/Suppl. 5:1-271. (Ref. 13696)

وضعيت در فهرست قرمز IUCN (Ref. 123251)

  حداقل نگرانی (LC) ; Date assessed: 01 January 2008

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

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استفاده انسانی

ماهي گيري – شيلات: ارزش تحاري اندك; آبزي پروري: تجاري; طعمه: usually
FAO - آبزي پروري: production; ماهي گيري – شيلات: landings; Publication: search | FishSource |

ابزارها

گزارش های ويژه

بارگيری XML

منابع اينترنتي

Alien/Invasive Species database | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | فيش واچر را ببينيد | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: جنس, گونه ها | DiscoverLife | DORIS | ECOTOX | FAO - آبزي پروري: production; ماهي گيري – شيلات: landings; Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: ژنوم, نوکلئوتيد | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | پايگاه هاي داده ها | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | آکواریوم عمومی | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: برو, جستجو | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00617 (0.00512 - 0.00743), b=3.12 (3.09 - 3.15), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  2.7   ±0.29 se; based on food items.
جهندگی (Ref. 120179):  متوسط, كمينه زمان لازم براي دو برابر شدن جمعيت 4/1 – 4/4 سال (tm=2-3; K=0.19; tmax=7; Fec=1,500).
آسيب پذيری (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (31 of 100) .
طبقه قيمت (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.