Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Leuciscidae
(Minnows) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Chondrostoma: Greek, chondros = cartilage + Greek, stoma = mouth (Ref. 45335). Name referring to the characteristic horny layer on the lower lip (Ref. 57917).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Temperate; 0°C -
Eurasia: West Caspian basin from Kuma to Samur drainages.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 12 - ? cm
Max length : 46.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 59043)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Diagnosed from congeners in Black and Caspian Sea basins by the following characters: strongly arched mouth; dorsal fin usually with 8½ branched rays; anal fin with 9-10½ branched rays; scales on lateral line 56-73; eye small, diameter 48-52% of interorbital distance; and body cylindrical, width at dorsal origin 51-69% of depth (Ref. 59043).
Inhabits piedmont and mountain rivers with strong current and rock to gravel bottom. Feeds predominantly on detritus and also on periphytic algae and benthic invertebrates, especially during first year of live. Spawns over hard bottom (Ref. 59043).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Females deposit eggs probably in several portions. Eggs adhere to gravel (Ref. 59043).
Elvira, B., 1997. Taxonomy of the genus Chondrostoma (Osteichthyes, Cyprinidae): an updated review. Folia Zool. 46 (Suppl. 1):1-14. (Ref. 27763)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00646 (0.00292 - 0.01429), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.4 ±0.1 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (35 of 100) .