Leuciscus aspius, Asp : fisheries, aquaculture, gamefish

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Leuciscus aspius (Linnaeus, 1758)

Asp
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Leuciscus aspius
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Classificação / Names Nomes comuns | Sinônimos | Catalog of Fishes(Gênero, Espécies) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Cypriniformes (Carps) > Leuciscidae (Minnows) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Leuciscus: Greek, leykiskos = white mullet (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologia

; Água doce; estuarina bentopelágico; potamódromo (Ref. 51243); intervalo de profundidade 10 - ? m (Ref. 30578).   Temperate; 4°C - 20°C (Ref. 2059); 66°N - 35°N, 3°E - 72°E

Distribuição Países | Áreas da FAO | Ecossistemas | Ocorrências | Point map | Introduções | Faunafri

Europe and Asia: large rivers draining to North Sea (Weser, Elbe), Baltic Sea (southern tributaries, Norway east of Oslo, southern Sweden, Kokemären drainage in southern Finland), Black Sea, Sea of Azov and Caspian Sea; Aegean Sea basin, from Maritza to Lake Volvi drainages. Absent in Black Sea basin south of Danube and Rioni (Georgia) drainages, but present in Turkey west of Ankara. Introduced in Rhine, Northern Dvina and Lake Balkhash (Asia) (Ref. 59043). Appendix III of the Bern Convention (protected fauna). The subspecies Aspius aspius iblioides was previously recognized by authors for the Aral Sea (Ref. 13403).

Comprimento de primeira maturação / Tamanho / Peso / Idade

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 120 cm TL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 35387); common length : 55.0 cm TL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 30578); peso máx. publicado: 9.0 kg (Ref. 556); idade máx. registrada: 11 anos (Ref. 40480)

Descrição suscinta Morfologia | Morfometria

Espinhos dorsais (total): 3; Raios dorsais (total): 7-9; Espinhos anais 3; Raios anais : 12 - 15. The only species of Aspius in Europe which can be diagnosed from other species of Cyprinidae in Europe by the following characters: anal fin with 12-14½ branched rays; scales on lateral line 64-76; maxilla extending beyond front margin of eye; and sharp keel between pelvic-fin and anal-fin origins covered by scales (Ref. 59043). Long shape body, laterally compressed with a long sharp head. Green back with silver to blue tints. Lighter flanks. Silver white belly. Pectoral, pelvic and anal fins grey to brown. Scale formula: 11-14/64-76/5-6 (Ref. 40476).

Biologia     Glossário (p.ex. epibenthic)

Occur in open water of large and medium-sized lowland rivers and large lakes (Ref. 59043). Adults inhabit lower reaches of rivers and estuaries (Ref. 30578). Prefer to stay near bridge pillars, near tributaries, under weirs, in deep currents and overgrown parts of river and in quiet bays of river bends (Ref. 9696). One of the rare cyprinids which is piscivore; also prey on small aquatic birds. Juveniles are gregarious predators while adults hunt in small groups or are solitary. Juveniles and adults feed mainly on fish, especially on Alburnus alburnus or Osmerus eperlanus (Ref. 59043). Migrate upstream in tributaries for spawning in April-June (Ref. 556, 30578). Spawn in fast-flowing water on gravel or submerged vegetation. Lake populations migrate to tributaries; semi-anadromous populations or individuals (Terek) forage mainly in estuaries and freshened parts of the sea, migrating to rivers only for spawning. Begins spawning migration in second half of October (Terek) and overwinters in the lower reaches of river. Hybridizes with Leuciscus idus. Threatened due to alteration of river morphology (Ref. 59043).

Ciclo de vida ou comportamento de acasalamento Maturidade | Reprodução | Desova | Ovos | Fecundidade | Larvas

Sexual maturity is reached after 4-5 years (Ref. 2059). Reproductive success seems to be associated with low water level and high spring temperatures. Spawning occurs more than one season and lasts about 2 weeks. Deposits eggs which adhere to gravel or submerged plants (Ref. 59034).

Referência principal Upload your references | Referências | Coordenador | Colaboradores

Vostradovsky, J., 1973. Freshwater fishes. The Hamlyn Publishing Group Limited, London. 252 p. (Ref. 9696)

Status na Lista Vermelha da UICN (Ref. 123251)

  Segura ou pouco preocupante (LC) ; Date assessed: 01 January 2008

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Ameaça para os humanos

  Harmless





Uso pelos humanos

Pescarias: espécies comerciais; Aquacultura: espécies comerciais; peixe esportivo: sim
FAO - Aquacultura: produção; pescarias: desembarques; Publication: search | FishSource | Sea Around Us

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Idade/Tamanho
Crescimento
Peso-comprimento
Comprimento-comprimento
Frequências de comprimento
Morfometria
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Dinâmica larval
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Estimates based on models

Índice de diversidade filogenética (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00759 (0.00331 - 0.01740), b=3.12 (2.95 - 3.29), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Nível Trófico (Ref. 69278):  4.5   ±0.80 se; based on food items.
Resiliência (Ref. 120179):  médio(a), tempo mínimo de duplicação da população 1,4 - 4,4 anos (tm=3-4; tmax=11; K=0.10-0.33; Fec = 50,000-1 million).
Vulnerabilidade (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (70 of 100) .
Categoria de preço (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 68.1 [33.5, 138.8] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.514 [0.295, 0.939] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.9 [17.4, 20.5] % ; Omega3 = 1.51 [0.61, 3.73] g/100g ; Selenium = 18.7 [6.4, 46.0] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 64 [17, 253] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.532 [0.349, 0.835] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.