Chondrostoma kubanicum, Kuban's nase

Chondrostoma kubanicum Berg, 1914

Kuban's nase
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drawing shows typical species in Leuciscidae.

Classification / Names ຊື່ສາມັນ | ຄຳສັບຄ້າຍຄືກັນ | Catalog of Fishes(ຕະກຸນ, ຊະນິດ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Cypriniformes (Carps) > Leuciscidae (Minnows) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Chondrostoma: Greek, chondros = cartilage + Greek, stoma = mouth (Ref. 45335). Name referring to the characteristic horny layer on the lower lip (Ref. 57917).  More on author: Berg.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range ນິເວດວິທະຍາ

; ນ້ຳຈືດ ກ່ຽວກັບ (ຢູ່)ເທິງຊັ້ນພື້ນດິນໃນທະເລເປີດ; ລະດັບຄວາມເລິກ - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ).   Temperate; 0°C -

ການແຜ່ກະຈາຍ ປະເທດ | ເຂດ FAO | ລະບົບນິເວດ | ການປະກົດຕົວ | Point map | ການແນະນຳ | Faunafri

Europe: Kuban drainage, Russia.

ຂະໜາດ / ນ້ຳໜັກ / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 35.0 cm SL ຕົວຜູ້/ບໍ່ມີເພດ; (Ref. 59043)

Short description ສະລີລະວິທະຍາ | ການວັດແທກຮູບຮ່າງລັກສະນະພາຍນອກຂອງດິນ,ສັດ,ປາ…

The only species of the genus in Kuban drainage which can be diagnosed from other congeners in Black and Caspian Sea basins by the following characters: straight mouth, lower lip with thick cornified sheath; 54-62 scales on lateral line; dorsal fin usually with 8½ branched rays; anal fin usually with 10½ branched rays; eye small, diameter 44-52% of interorbital distance; body laterally compressed, width at dorsal fin origin 45-54% of depth; and body lacking dark lateral stripe (Ref. 59043).

ຊີວະສາດ     ຄຳແປສັບ (ຕ.ຢ. epibenthic)

Inhabits piedmont and montane rivers with strong current and gravel bottom. Occurs most of the year in the middle or upper stretches of rivers and moves downstream in winter to lower stretches or larger tributaries. Feeds predominantly on detritus, but also takes periphyton, benthic invertebrates, especially during first year of life. Spawns at sites with gravel or hard sand, with rapids and swift current (up to 1.5 m/s), 0.2-1.0 m deep, in clean water with high oxygen concentrations. Very sensitive to water quality, especially turbidity (Ref. 59043).

Life cycle and mating behavior ການຈະເລີນເຕັມໄວ | ການສືບພັນ | ການວາງໄຂ່ | ໄຂ່ | ຄວາມດົກຂອງໄຂ່ປາ | ຕົວອ່ອນ

Begins spawning migration in January-February to uppermost montane reaches, entering small shallow streams with very fast current. Spawning occurs at sites with gravel or hard sand, with rapids and swift current (up to 1.5 m/s), 0.2-1.0 m deep, in clean water with high oxygen concentrations. Females deposit 1000-1250 eggs, during a short period, usually in a single night, but often in several portions. At a given spawning site, most individuals breed over 3-4 nights. Eggs are sticky and adhere to substrate (Ref. 59043).

Main reference Upload your references | ເອກະສານອ້າງອີງ | ຜູ້ປະສານງານ | ຜູ້ຮ່ວມມື

Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 01 January 2008

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

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Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00776 (0.00374 - 0.01613), b=3.13 (2.96 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
ຊັ້ນເຂດຮ້ອນ (Ref. 69278):  2.4   ±0.1 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
ຄວາມຢືດຢຸ່ນ (Ref. 120179):  ຂະໜາດກາງ, ປະຊາກອນຕຳ່ສຸດທີ່ໃຊ້ເວລາສອງເທົ່າ 1.4 - 4.4 ປີ (tm=3; Fec=1,000-1,250).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (43 of 100) .