Salmo macrostigma : fisheries

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Salmo macrostigma (Duméril, 1858)

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Salmo macrostigma
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Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes(Genus, Soort(en)) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Salmoniformes (Salmons) > Salmonidae (Salmonids) > Salmoninae
Etymology: Salmo: Latin, salmo, Plinius = salmon (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Duméril.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; marien; zoetwater; brakwater benthopelagisch; anadroom (Ref. 51243); diepteverspreiding - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ).   Subtropical; 0°C -

Verspreiding Landen | FAO regio's | Ecosystems | Voorkomen | Point map | Introducties | Faunafri

Africa: restricted to Algeria (Ref. 13696, 55619, 59043, 87713), also in Mediterranean basins of Morocco (Ref. 107622). The other peri-Mediterranean populations referred to as Salmo macrostigma belong to several species (Ref. 87713).

Length at first maturity / Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?, range 18 - ? cm
Max length : 60.0 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 3562)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale zachte stralen (totaal): 13-15; Anale zachte stralen: 11 - 13; Wervels: 57 - 58. Diagnosis: dorsal fin slightly higher than long; located more posteriorly than in other Salmo species; caudal fin more forked than other Salmo species; 8-12 round, black spots (parr marks) on sides (Ref. 4904, 52923, 94703, 94704), which are more prominent in juveniles and are retained in adults (Ref. 55619). Low gill raker count and dark spots on sides distinguish it from S. akairos; it differs from S. trutta in slightly lower vertebral count and pyloric caeca counts, and having the parr marks more conspicuous; 10-11 anal fin pterygiophores (Ref. 55619). 14-17 small scales between adipose fin and lateral line (Ref. 1878, 52923, 55619).

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

Possesses a particular diet due to poor insular ichthyologic fauna; its food consists mainly of tadpoles, insects and urodela (Ref. 11941).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator | Medewerkers

Behnke, R., 1984. Salmonidae. p. 125. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ORSTOM, Paris and MRAC, Tervuren. Vol. 1. (Ref. 3562)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 124695)

  Onvoldoende gegevens (DD) ; Date assessed: 31 January 2006

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Harmless





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Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00977 (0.00660 - 0.01447), b=3.02 (2.90 - 3.14), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.61 se; based on food items.
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 120179):  Gemiddeld, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd 1,4-4,4 jaar (Fec = 2340).
Kwetsbaarheid (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (46 of 100) .
Prijsklasse (Ref. 80766):   Very high.