Salmo ferox

Salmo ferox Jardine, 1835

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Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes(Genus, Soort(en)) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Salmoniformes (Salmons) > Salmonidae (Salmonids) > Salmoninae
Etymology: Salmo: Latin, salmo, Plinius = salmon (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; zoetwater demersaal; diepteverspreiding - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ).   Temperate; 0°C -

Verspreiding Landen | FAO regio's | Ecosystems | Voorkomen | Point map | Introducties | Faunafri

Europe: British Isles in Loughs Melvin, Erne, Corrib, and Mask (Ireland), Lochs Awe, Laggan and others (Scotland), apparently also Lakes Ullswater and Bassenthwaite (Cubmria) and Llyns Padarn and Peris (Wales).

Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 80.0 cm SL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 59043); Maximaal vermelde leeftijd: 23 jaren (Ref. 59043)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Distinguished from its congeners in British Isles by its unique body depth about 4.6-5.0 times in SL. Differs further by the combination of the following characters: body brown to silvery, black spots small (equal to or smaller than pupil), few or absent; large size; and maxilla reaching beyond posterior margin of eye (Ref. 59043).

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

Inhabits large oligotrophic lakes. In Scotland, this species occurs usually in lakes inhabited by Salvelinus species on which it preys. Feeds on fishes and a variety of insects. In Scotland, preys on invertebrates until about 30 cm SL, then becomes piscivorous, feeding mostly on Salvelinus species. Spawns only in the larger and deeper tributaries (Ref. 59043).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator | Medewerkers

Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 124695)

  Onvoldoende gegevens (DD) ; Date assessed: 01 January 2008

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Harmless





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Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01047 (0.00495 - 0.02215), b=3.03 (2.86 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.8   ±0.58 se; based on food items.
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 120179):  zeer laag, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd meer dan 14 jaar (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Kwetsbaarheid (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (61 of 100) .