Salmo rhodanensis

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Salmo rhodanensis Fowler, 1974

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Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes(Genre, Espèce) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Salmoniformes (Salmons) > Salmonidae (Salmonids) > Salmoninae
Etymology: Salmo: Latin, salmo, Plinius = salmon (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Fowler.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Écologie

; eau douce dmersal; profondeur - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ).   Subtropical; 0°C -

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Europe: Rhône drainage, except Lake Geneva basin (France, Switzerland), eastward to Roia drainages (France, Italy), possibly further eastward in Ligurian Sea basin.

Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 80.0 cm SL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 59043)

Description synthétique Morphologie | Morphométrie

Distinguished from all congeners in Europe by its unique body with 4 broad black bars, behind gill opening, under dorsal base, above anal fin origin and at posterior extremity of caudal peduncle ( bars clearly distinct in non-stressed individuals; some Balkan species may show similar bars, but only in very stressed situations; in other species only weakly marked when stressed). Differs further by the combination of the following characters: caudal fin truncate to slightly emarginate; usually lacking red spots on body; usually lacking red or orange dot on adipose; juveniles with 9-12 vertically elongated parr marks. The 4 bars are present in populations of Dourbie (upper Tarn system, France), which is distinguished by having red spots and dorsal, pelvic, and anal fins with white anterior margin. This represents possibly an introgression zone between Salmo rhodanensis and Salmo c.f. cettii (Ref. 59043).

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

Inhabits rivers and streams in clear, cold, well oxygenated water and with slow to fast current. Preys on invertebrates, fish and amphibians. Spawns in late December on gravel or coarse sand. Several populations represent a significant proportion of hybrids with Salmo trutta produced in aquaculture and stocking. Attains a maximum size of up to about 80 cm SL (Ref. 59043).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur | Collaborateurs

Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 124695)

  Données manquantes (DD) ; Date assessed: 01 January 2008

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme

  Harmless





Utilisations par l'homme

FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

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Sources Internet

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Genre, Espèce | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: génôme, nucléotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Bases de données nationales | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Arbre de Vie | Wikipedia: aller à, chercher | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01047 (0.00495 - 0.02215), b=3.03 (2.86 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  3.7   ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Résilience (Ref. 120179):  Très faible, temps minimum de doublement de population supérieur à 14 ans (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnérabilité (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (56 of 100) .