Fenestraja plutonia, Pluto skate

Fenestraja plutonia (Garman, 1881)

Pluto skate
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Fenestraja plutonia   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Fenestraja plutonia (Pluto skate)
Fenestraja plutonia
Picture by Flescher, D.

Classification / Names Populärnamn | synonymer | Catalog of Fishes(Släkte, Arter) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii (hajar och rockor) (sharks and rays) > Rajiformes (Skates and rays) > Gurgesiellidae (Pygmy skates)
Etymology: Fenestraja: Latin, fenestra, -ae = small hole or opening in a bone + Latin, raja, -ae = a fish, Raja sp. (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Garman.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; marina djupbottenlevande; djupintervall 290 - 750 m (Ref. 28767).   Deep-water

Utbredning Länder | FAO områden | Ekosystem | Förekomster | Point map | Utplanteringar | Faunafri

Western Central Atlantic: North Carolina, USA to the Gulf of Mexico.

Size / Vikt / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 25.3 cm TL (female)

Short description Morfologi | Morfometri

First and dorsal confluent. Thorns on anterior part of tail and disc are larger and more conspicuous. Upper surface from pale yellowish brown to darker greyish brown, purplish brown or mouse gray. Lower surface yellowish white (Ref. 6902).

Biologi     Ordlista (t.ex. epibenthic)

Deep water species (Ref. 6902). Oviparous (Ref. 50449). Eggs have horn-like projections on the shell (Ref. 205).

Life cycle and mating behavior Könsmognad | Reproduktion | Lek | Ägg | Fecundity | Larver

Oviparous, paired eggs are laid. Embryos feed solely on yolk (Ref. 50449).

Main reference Upload your references | referenser | Koordinator | Medarbetare

McEachran, J.D. and K.A. Dunn, 1998. Phylogenetic analysis of skates, a morphologically conservative clade of elasmobranchs (Chondrichthyes: Rajidae). Copeia 1998(2):271-290. (Ref. 27314)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)

  Data deficient (DD) ; Date assessed: 01 January 2007

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

Ytterligare information

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Internet-källor

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Släkte, Arter | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genome, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Go, sök | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 8.5 - 15.9, mean 11.5 °C (based on 77 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5039   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trofisk nivå (Ref. 69278):  3.8   ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resiliens (Ref. 120179):  Låg, lägsta populationsfördubblingstid 4,5-14 år (Fec assumed to be <100).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .