Rhinochimaera africana, Paddlenose chimaera

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Rhinochimaera africana Compagno, Stehmann & Ebert, 1990

Paddlenose chimaera
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Rhinochimaera africana   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Rhinochimaera africana (Paddlenose chimaera)
No image available for this species;
drawing shows typical species in Rhinochimaeridae.

Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes(Genre, Espèce) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Holocéphales (chimères) (chimaeras) > Chimaeriformes (Chimaeras) > Rhinochimaeridae (Longnose chimaeras)
Etymology: Rhinochimaera: Greek, rhinos = nose + Latin, chimaera = marine monster, 1634 (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Écologie

; marin bathydmersal; profondeur 549 - 1450 m (Ref. 11228).   Deep-water

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Southeast Atlantic: southern Africa and Mozambique Channel. Pacific Ocean: Japan (off Hokkaido and northern Honshu) to the east China Sea, including Taiwan; Costa Rica and Peru.

Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 81.8 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 97389)

Description synthétique Morphologie | Morphométrie

This species is distinguished by the following characters: elongate body with an elongate, broad and paddle-shaped pointed snout extending anterior to head (SNL 47.7% HDL), tapering to a slender tail; the junction of supraorbital and infraorbital canals on ventral side of snout is closer to the tip of the snout than to the nasal canal; ONC/TIO is greater than 1.4 (ONC/TIO= 1.64); TIO/SWF is less than 1.5 (TIO/SWF= 1.47); TIO/LNC is less than 3.0 (TIO/LNC= 2.75); tooth-plates are nearly smooth; eyes are relatively small (EYL 6.4% BDL), distinctly behind level of mouth; the first and second dorsal fins are separated by a relatively long interdorsal space (IDS 23.6% BDL) and not connected by a web of skin; caudal-fin axis weakly raised with the fin asymmetrical, the epaxial caudal-fin lobe narrower than hypaxial lobe; dorsal caudal tubercles 25; caudal filament vestigial; coloration uniformly dark brown across entire body, except the oronasal region which is abruptly paler than the body (Ref. 97389).

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

Rare (Ref. 11228). Oviparous (Ref. 205). Eggs are encased in horny shells (Ref. 205).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

Oviparous (Ref. 205).

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur | Collaborateurs

Heemstra, P.C., 1995. Additions and corrections for the 1995 impression. p. v-xv. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Revised Edition of Smiths' Sea Fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 11228)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 123251)

  Données manquantes (DD) ; Date assessed: 24 February 2016

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme

  Harmless





Utilisations par l'homme

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Sources Internet

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Genre, Espèce | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: génôme, nucléotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Bases de données nationales | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Arbre de Vie | Wikipedia: aller à, chercher | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 2.1 - 8.2, mean 5.5 °C (based on 195 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.6289   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00245 (0.00098 - 0.00614), b=3.14 (2.91 - 3.37), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Résilience (Ref. 120179):  Faible, temps minimum de doublement de population : 4,5 à 14 années (Assuming Fec <100).
Vulnérabilité (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (51 of 100) .