Cetengraulis mysticetus, Pacific anchoveta : fisheries, bait

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Cetengraulis mysticetus (Günther, 1867)

Pacific anchoveta
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Cetengraulis mysticetus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Cetengraulis mysticetus (Pacific anchoveta)
Cetengraulis mysticetus
Picture by Robertson, R.

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Clupeiformes (Herrings) 鯡形目 (Herrings) > Engraulidae (Anchovies) 鯷科 (Anchovies) > Engraulinae
Etymology: Cetengraulis: Greek, ketos = a marine monster, whale + Greek, eggraulis, -eos = anchovy (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Günther.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 海洋; 半鹹淡水; 非遷移的; 深度上下限 - 32 m (Ref. 96339), usually - m (Ref. ).   亞熱帶的; 0°C - ; 32°N - 4°S, 115°W - 78°W (Ref. 54323)

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Eastern Pacific: southwestern coast of Baja California, Mexico and from the Gulf of California to northern Peru (up to the Bay of Sechura). Apparently reaching Los Angeles, USA, but these are perhaps releases from tuna boats.
東太平洋: 墨西哥的下加利福尼亞與從加州灣到祕魯北部的西南方海岸.(向上到塞丘拉灣) 顯然地達到美國洛杉磯,但是這些也許是來自鮪魚船的釋放。

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm 12.9, range 12 - ? cm
Max length : 22.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 96339); common length : 12.0 cm SL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 9298); 最大年齡: 3 年 (Ref. 905)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背棘 (總數): 0; 臀棘 0; 臀鰭軟條: 17 - 24. Head large and deep. Snout short and pointed, about 2/3 eye diameter; maxilla moderate, tip blunt, just failing to reach lower jaw articulation; lower gill rakers fine and numerous, increasing in large fishes; no gill rakers on posterior face of third epibranchial. Branchiostegal rays 8, long and slender; branchiostegal membrane broad. Silver stripe disappearing at about 8-10 cm SL.
頭部大的且深。 吻短與尖的, 大約 2/3 眼直徑; 顎骨中等的, 頂端鈍的, 正好失敗達到下頜關節; 下鰓耙細且多, 增加較大時魚; 沒有在第三個上鰓骨的後面上的鰓耙。 鰓條骨 8, 長且細的; 鰓蓋薄膜寬的。 銀色的斑紋於大約 810 公分的 SL 消失。

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Occurs inshore, principally over mud flats and forming quite large schools. Apparently not making long migrations along sandy or rocky areas. Juveniles feed principally on diatoms, also silico-flagellates, dinoflagellates and small crustaceans; adults also mainly on benthic diatoms. Used as tuna baitfish. Processed into fishmeal and oil.

生活於近海, 主要地在淤泥平台與形成之上相當大群魚群。 顯然地不進行長距離的迴游沿著沙的或岩石區。 稚魚主要吃矽藻,也吃矽鞭毛蟲,腰鞭毛蟲與小型甲殼動物; 成魚也主要吃底棲的矽藻。 當作鮪魚誘餌使用。 加工成魚漿或魚油了。

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

Oviparous (Ref. 35602).東太平洋: 墨西哥的下加利福尼亞與從加州灣到祕魯北部的西南方海岸.(向上到塞丘拉灣) 顯然地達到美國洛杉磯,但是這些也許是來自鮪魚船的釋放。

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 | 合作者

Whitehead, P.J.P., G.J. Nelson and T. Wongratana, 1988. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (Suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/2):305-579. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 189)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 124695)

  無危 (LC) ; Date assessed: 15 November 2019

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

  無害處的





人類使用

漁業: 高經濟性; 誘餌: usually
FAO - 漁業: landings, 魚種描繪; Publication: search | FishSource | 周邊海洋

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網路資源

AFORO (otoliths) | Alien/Invasive Species database | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | 檢查 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: , | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - 漁業: landings, 魚種描繪; Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: 基因組, 核甘 | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | 樹狀分類階層 | Wikipedia: , 搜尋 | World Records Freshwater Fishing | 動物學的記錄

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 22.3 - 29.1, mean 25.9 °C (based on 231 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00513 (0.00308 - 0.00854), b=3.26 (3.12 - 3.40), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  2.5   ±0.21 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 0.8 (0.5 - 1.2) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 12 growth studies.
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  高度, 族群倍增時間少於 15個月 (K=0.9-2.6; tm=1; tmax=4).
Prior r = 0.96, 95% CL = 0.64 - 1.44, Based on 3 stock assessments.
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (12 of 100) .
價格種類 (Ref. 80766):   Medium.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 248 [121, 556] mg/100g ; Iron = 3.63 [1.85, 6.43] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.7 [17.1, 20.2] % ; Omega3 = 1.34 [0.58, 3.01] g/100g ; Selenium = 25.5 [10.2, 59.9] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 4.3 [0.9, 16.5] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.81 [1.15, 2.95] mg/100g (wet weight);