Cetengraulis mysticetus, Pacific anchoveta : fisheries, bait

Cetengraulis mysticetus (Günther, 1867)

Pacific anchoveta
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Cetengraulis mysticetus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Cetengraulis mysticetus (Pacific anchoveta)
Cetengraulis mysticetus
Picture by Robertson, R.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Clupeiformes (Herrings) 鯡目 (Herrings) > Engraulidae (Anchovies) 鯷科 (Anchovies) > Engraulinae
Etymology: Cetengraulis: Greek, ketos = a marine monster, whale + Greek, eggraulis, -eos = anchovy (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Günther.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋; 半咸淡水; 非迁移的; 深度上下限 0 - 32 m (Ref. 96339).   亞熱帶的; 32°N - 4°S, 115°W - 78°W (Ref. 54323)

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Eastern Pacific: southwestern coast of Baja California, Mexico and from the Gulf of California to northern Peru (up to the Bay of Sechura). Apparently reaching Los Angeles, USA, but these are perhaps releases from tuna boats.
東太平洋: 墨西哥的下加利福尼亞與從加州灣到祕魯北部的西南方海岸.(向上到塞丘拉灣) 顯然地達到美國洛杉磯,但是這些也許是來自鮪魚船的釋放。

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm 12.9, range 12 - ? cm
Max length : 22.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 96339); common length : 12.0 cm SL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 9298); 最大年龄: 3 年 (Ref. 905)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 0; 臀棘 0; 臀鳍软条: 17 - 24. Head large and deep. Snout short and pointed, about 2/3 eye diameter; maxilla moderate, tip blunt, just failing to reach lower jaw articulation; lower gill rakers fine and numerous, increasing in large fishes; no gill rakers on posterior face of third epibranchial. Branchiostegal rays 8, long and slender; branchiostegal membrane broad. Silver stripe disappearing at about 8-10 cm SL.
头部大的且深。 吻短与尖的, 大约 2/3 眼直径; 颚骨中等的, 顶端钝的, 正好失败达到下颌关节; 下鳃耙细且多, 增加较大时鱼; 没有在第三个上鳃骨的后面上的鳃耙。 鳃条骨 8, 长且细的; 鳃盖薄膜宽的。 银色的斑纹于大约 810 公分的 SL 消失。

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Occurs inshore, principally over mud flats and forming quite large schools. Apparently not making long migrations along sandy or rocky areas. Juveniles feed principally on diatoms, also silico-flagellates, dinoflagellates and small crustaceans; adults also mainly on benthic diatoms. Used as tuna baitfish. Processed into fishmeal and oil.

生活于近海, 主要地在淤泥平台与形成之上相当大群鱼群。 显然地不进行长距离的回游沿着沙的或岩石区。 稚鱼主要吃硅藻,也吃硅鞭毛虫,腰鞭毛虫与小型甲壳动物; 成鱼也主要吃底栖的硅藻。 当作鲔鱼诱饵使用。 加工成鱼浆或鱼油了。

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Oviparous (Ref. 35602).東太平洋: 墨西哥的下加利福尼亞與從加州灣到祕魯北部的西南方海岸.(向上到塞丘拉灣) 顯然地達到美國洛杉磯,但是這些也許是來自鮪魚船的釋放。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Whitehead, P.J.P., G.J. Nelson and T. Wongratana, 1988. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (Suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/2):305-579. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 189)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 123251)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 15 November 2019

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 高经济性; 诱饵: usually
FAO - 渔业: landings, 物种外形; Publication: search | FishSource | 周边海洋

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特别资料

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网络资源

Alien/Invasive Species database | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | 核实 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: , | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - 渔业: landings, 物种外形; Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: 基因组, 核苷酸 | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | 树状分类阶层 | Wikipedia: 转至, 搜寻 | World Records Freshwater Fishing | 动物学的记录

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 22.3 - 29.1, mean 25.9 °C (based on 231 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00513 (0.00307 - 0.00858), b=3.26 (3.12 - 3.40), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  2.5   ±0.21 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 0.8 (0.5 - 1.2) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 12 growth studies.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  高度, 族群倍增时间少于 15个月 (K=0.9-2.6; tm=1; tmax=4).
Prior r = 0.96, 95% CL = 0.64 - 1.44, Based on 3 stock assessments.
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (12 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Medium.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 248 [121, 556] mg/100g ; Iron = 3.63 [1.85, 6.43] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.7 [17.1, 20.2] % ; Omega3 = 1.34 [0.58, 3.01] g/100g ; Selenium = 25.5 [10.2, 59.9] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 4.3 [0.9, 16.5] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.81 [1.15, 2.95] mg/100g (wet weight);