Elops machnata, Tenpounder : fisheries, gamefish

Elops machnata (Forsskål, 1775)

Tenpounder
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Elops machnata   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Elops machnata (Tenpounder)
Elops machnata
Picture by Hermosa, Jr., G.V.

Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes(Gattung, Arten) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Elopiformes (Tarpons and tenpounders) > Elopidae (Tenpounders)
Etymology: Elops: Greek, ellops = a kind of serpent (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Forsskål.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ökologie

; seewasser; brackwasser; ozeanodrom.   Tropical; 38°N - 37°S, 22°E - 153°W

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

Indo-West Pacific: Persian Gulf (Ref. 68964), Red Sea to Mossel Bay, South Africa and east to India and western Pacific. Africa: Inland waters.

Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 118 cm FL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 40637); common length : 50.0 cm SL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 4967); max. veröff. Gewicht: 10.8 kg (Ref. 40637)

Kurzbeschreibung Morphologie | Morphometrie

Rückenflossenstacheln (insgesamt): 0; Rückenflossenweichstrahlen (insgesamt): 20-27; Afterflossenstacheln 0; Afterflossenweichstrahlen: 14 - 18. Upper jaw reaching well behind eye; teeth on jaws villiform (Ref. 4832).

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

Occurs in coastal waters, but enters lagoons and estuaries (Ref. 4832) [actual freshwater records remain to be confirmed]. Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). Young and adults feed on small fishes and crustaceans (Ref. 5213). Probably spawn at sea, but the transparent larvae migrate to inshore areas and are often found in brackish water (Ref. 7050). Are voracious carnivores that take fish, squid and shrimp bait (Ref. 3968). Edible, but not tasty and full of bones (Ref. 3968). A total length of 126 cm for this species has been reported from Knysna, South Africa (G. Bernardt, pers. comm., e-mail: gerard@smallstreams.com) .

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator | Partner

Smith, M.M., 1986. Elopidae. p. 155-156. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 3968)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 123251)

  nicht bedroht (LC) ; Date assessed: 20 June 2016

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Harmless





Nutzung durch Menschen

Fischereien: kommerziell; Sportfisch: ja
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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 20.7 - 28.4, mean 26.9 °C (based on 1366 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5176   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00646 (0.00488 - 0.00855), b=3.01 (2.93 - 3.09), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  4.0   ±0.3 se; based on diet studies.
Generation time: 2.3 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Widerstandsfähigkeit (Ref. 120179):  hoch, Verdopplung der Population dauert weniger als 15 Monate. (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Verwundbarkeit (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (40 of 100) .
Preiskategorie (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.