Stolephorus tri, Spined anchovy : fisheries

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Stolephorus tri (Bleeker, 1852)

Spined anchovy
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Stolephorus tri   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Stolephorus tri
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Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes(Genus, Soort(en)) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Clupeiformes (Herrings) > Engraulidae (Anchovies) > Engraulinae
Etymology: Stolephorus: Greek, stole, -es = garment + Greek, pherein = to carry (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Bleeker.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; marien; brakwater; amfidroom (Ref. 51243); diepteverspreiding 0 - 50 m (Ref. 189).   Tropical; 17°N - 11°S, 98°E - 127°E (Ref. 189)

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Western Pacific: Gulf of Thailand and Java Sea. Indian Ocean records probably based on Stolephorus baganensis or Stolephorus insularis.

Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.5 cm SL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 189)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale stekels (totaal): 0; Anale stekels 0; Anale zachte stralen: 17 - 18. Belly with 6 or 7 small needle-like pre-pelvic scutes; a small pre-dorsal spine and another spine on the pelvic scute. Maxilla pointed, reaching to or beyond hind border of pre-operculum, the latter concave, indented near maxilla tip. Anal fin short, with origin below about middle of dorsal fin base. A double pigment line on back both before and behind dorsal fin.

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

A schooling species found in coastal waters. Adults frequently visit the lower reaches of mangroves where neritic conditions are present (Ref. 43081). More specimens and data needed.

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator | Medewerkers

Munroe, T.A. and M. Nizinski, 1999. Engraulidae. Anchovies. p. 1698-1706. In K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the WCP. Vol. 3. Batoid fishes, chimaeras and bony fishes part 1 (Elopidae to Linophrynidae). FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9822)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 123251)

  Onvoldoende gegevens (DD) ; Date assessed: 10 March 2020

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Harmless





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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 28.2 - 29.1, mean 28.8 °C (based on 302 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00537 (0.00263 - 0.01096), b=3.18 (3.00 - 3.36), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 120179):  Hoog, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd minder dan 15 maanden (K>1).
Kwetsbaarheid (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (13 of 100) .
Prijsklasse (Ref. 80766):   Low.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 636 [231, 1,729] mg/100g ; Iron = 3.06 [1.54, 6.28] mg/100g ; Protein = 18 [16, 20] % ; Omega3 = 1.03 [0.37, 2.90] g/100g ; Selenium = 46.9 [15.2, 133.4] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 42.9 [7.8, 219.9] μg/100g ; Zinc = 3.16 [1.73, 5.23] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.