Stolephorus tri, Spined anchovy : fisheries

Stolephorus tri (Bleeker, 1852)

Spined anchovy
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Stolephorus tri   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Stolephorus tri
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> Clupeiformes (Herrings) > Engraulidae (Anchovies) > Engraulinae
Etymology: Stolephorus: Greek, stole, -es = garment + Greek, pherein = to carry (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Bleeker.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態学

; 海; 汽水性の; 両側回遊性 (Ref. 51243); 深さの範囲 0 - 50 m (Ref. 189).   Tropical; 17°N - 11°S, 98°E - 127°E (Ref. 189)

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Western Pacific: Gulf of Thailand and Java Sea. Indian Ocean records probably based on Stolephorus baganensis or Stolephorus insularis.

サイズ / 重さ / 年齢

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.5 cm SL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 189)

簡単な記述 形態学 | 形態計測学

背面の脊椎 (合計): 0; 肛門の骨 0; 臀鰭: 17 - 18. Belly with 6 or 7 small needle-like pre-pelvic scutes; a small pre-dorsal spine and another spine on the pelvic scute. Maxilla pointed, reaching to or beyond hind border of pre-operculum, the latter concave, indented near maxilla tip. Anal fin short, with origin below about middle of dorsal fin base. A double pigment line on back both before and behind dorsal fin.

生物学     用語集 (例 epibenthic)

A schooling species found in coastal waters. Adults frequently visit the lower reaches of mangroves where neritic conditions are present (Ref. 43081). More specimens and data needed.

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟 | 繁殖 | 放精 | | 生産力 | 幼生

主な参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | コーディネーター | 協力者

Munroe, T.A. and M. Nizinski, 1999. Engraulidae. Anchovies. p. 1698-1706. In K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the WCP. Vol. 3. Batoid fishes, chimaeras and bony fishes part 1 (Elopidae to Linophrynidae). FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9822)

IUCNのレッドリストの状況は (Ref. 123251)

  欠足データ (DD) ; Date assessed: 10 March 2020

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

人間に対する脅威

  Harmless





Human uses

水産業: 食糧水産
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共通名の
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繁殖
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シガテラ(食中毒の名前)
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Otoliths

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 28.2 - 29.1, mean 28.8 °C (based on 302 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00537 (0.00263 - 0.01096), b=3.18 (3.00 - 3.36), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
栄養段階 (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  高い, 15か月以下の倍増期間の最小個体群 (K>1).
弱み (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (13 of 100) .
価格帯 (Ref. 80766):   Low.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 636 [231, 1,729] mg/100g ; Iron = 3.06 [1.54, 6.28] mg/100g ; Protein = 18 [16, 20] % ; Omega3 = 1.03 [0.37, 2.90] g/100g ; Selenium = 46.9 [15.2, 133.4] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 42.9 [7.8, 219.9] μg/100g ; Zinc = 3.16 [1.73, 5.23] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.