Stolephorus tri, Spined anchovy : fisheries

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Stolephorus tri (Bleeker, 1852)

Spined anchovy
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Stolephorus tri   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Stolephorus tri
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分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Clupeiformes (Herrings) 鯡目 (Herrings) > Engraulidae (Anchovies) 鯷科 (Anchovies) > Engraulinae
Etymology: Stolephorus: Greek, stole, -es = garment + Greek, pherein = to carry (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Bleeker.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋; 半咸淡水; 非产卵性溯降河的 (Ref. 51243); 深度上下限 0 - 50 m (Ref. 189).   热带; 17°N - 11°S, 98°E - 127°E (Ref. 189)

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Western Pacific: Gulf of Thailand and Java Sea. Indian Ocean records probably based on Stolephorus baganensis or Stolephorus insularis.
西太平洋: 泰国湾与爪哇海。 印度洋可能记录以 Stolephorus baganensis Stolephorus insularis 为依据。

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.5 cm SL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 189)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 0; 臀棘 0; 臀鳍软条: 17 - 18. Belly with 6 or 7 small needle-like pre-pelvic scutes; a small pre-dorsal spine and another spine on the pelvic scute. Maxilla pointed, reaching to or beyond hind border of pre-operculum, the latter concave, indented near maxilla tip. Anal fin short, with origin below about middle of dorsal fin base. A double pigment line on back both before and behind dorsal fin.
腹面有 6 或 7个小的针状前腹鳍鳞甲; 在腹鳍鳞甲上的一个小的前背棘与另一根棘。 颚骨尖的, 延伸到或超过前鳃盖的后部边缘, 后者凹的, 在颚骨顶端的附近切割成锯齿状。 臀鳍短, 起点背鳍基底的大约中央下面。 一条双色的线背面两者的以前与在后背鳍。

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

A schooling species found in coastal waters. Adults frequently visit the lower reaches of mangroves where neritic conditions are present (Ref. 43081). More specimens and data needed.

一个群游性鱼种发现于沿岸水域了。 成鱼时常拜访红树林的下面范围在哪里有浅海条件.(参考文献 43081) 更多的标本与资料需要。

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

西太平洋: 泰国湾与爪哇海。 印度洋可能记录以 Stolephorus baganensis Stolephorus insularis 为依据。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Munroe, T.A. and M. Nizinski, 1999. Engraulidae. Anchovies. p. 1698-1706. In K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the WCP. Vol. 3. Batoid fishes, chimaeras and bony fishes part 1 (Elopidae to Linophrynidae). FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9822)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 123251)

  数据缺失 (DD) ; Date assessed: 10 March 2020

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 自给性渔业
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

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眼睛色素

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网络资源

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 28.2 - 29.1, mean 28.8 °C (based on 302 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00537 (0.00263 - 0.01096), b=3.18 (3.00 - 3.36), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  高度, 族群倍增时间少于 15个月 (K>1).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (13 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Low.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 636 [231, 1,729] mg/100g ; Iron = 3.06 [1.54, 6.28] mg/100g ; Protein = 18 [16, 20] % ; Omega3 = 1.03 [0.37, 2.90] g/100g ; Selenium = 46.9 [15.2, 133.4] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 42.9 [7.8, 219.9] μg/100g ; Zinc = 3.16 [1.73, 5.23] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.