Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Gobiiformes
(Gobies) > Gobiidae
(Gobies) > Gobiinae
Etymology: Eviota: No etymology given, suggested by Christopher Scharpt: from Latin 'eu' for 'true' and 'iota' for anything very small, in combination 'truly very small' referring to it as being the smallest vertebrate at the time it has benn described by Jenkins (thus, making the suggestion by Scharpt plausible.; susanae: Named for Susan J. Jewett. More on authors: Greenfield & Randall.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 5 m (Ref. 38034). Tropical
Eastern Central Pacific: Kaneohe Bay, Oahu, Hawaiian Islands.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 1.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 38034); 1.7 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 6 - 8. This species is distinguished by the following characters: rugose genital papillae in both sexes. No IT pores; POP pores absent or greatly reduced. 4 - 6 large spots on ventral midline posteriorly from anal fin origin; subcutaneous bars associated with some ventral-midline spots. Fifth pelvic fin ray small, unbranched, about 1/10 length of 4th ray (usually poorly ossified). Anterior-most branch of 4th pelvic ray elongate, at least 10 segments. Dorsal spines in D1 not prolonged as filaments. 9 - 17 pectoral fin rays may be branched (Ref. 38034).
Found resting on the substrate in shallow (<4.6 m) sheltered habitats, either at patch reefs well back in the bay (no surge, silt, and mud surrounding the coral) or from fouling communities on dock floats (Ref. 38034, 116739).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Greenfield, D.W. and J.E. Randall, 1999. Two new Eviota species from the Hawaiian Islands (Teleostei: Gobiidae). Copeia 1999(2):439-446. (Ref. 38034)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.8 - 25.6, mean 25.3 °C (based on 29 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00955 (0.00454 - 0.02011), b=3.05 (2.88 - 3.22), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .