Thryssa hamiltonii, Hamilton's thryssa : fisheries

Thryssa hamiltonii Gray, 1835

Hamilton's thryssa
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Thryssa hamiltonii   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Thryssa hamiltonii (Hamilton\
Thryssa hamiltonii
Picture by Randall, J.E.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Clupeiformes (Herrings) 鯡目 (Herrings) > Engraulidae (Anchovies) 鯷科 (Anchovies) > Coiliinae
Etymology: Thryssa: Greek, thrissa, -es = shad (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Gray.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋; 淡水; 半咸淡水; 非产卵性溯降河的 (Ref. 51243); 深度上下限 10 - 13 m.   熱帶; 31°N - 25°S, 52°E - 152°E

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Persian Gulf eastward to Myanmar, Andamans and Penang; Taiwan south to Arafura Sea (Ref. 9819), the northern coasts of Australia and Papua New Guinea; Sarawak; a record from the Bonin Islands; presumably the Philippines; perhaps not eastward to the Hebrides, etc.
印度-太平洋: 波斯灣向東至緬甸,安達曼群島與檳榔; 台灣南至阿拉弗拉海 (參考文獻 9819) ,澳洲與巴布亞新幾內亞的北海岸; 砂勞越; 一個記錄從博寧群島; 可能菲律賓; 也許不向東至 Hebrides, 等等。

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 27.0 cm SL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 30691)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 0; 臀棘 0; 臀鳍软条: 32 - 39. Belly with 23 to 26 keeled scutes from isthmus to anus. Tip of snout above level of eye center, usually about level of upper rim of eye. Maxilla short or moderate; first supra-maxilla small, oval. A dark blotch behind upper part of gill opening.
腹面有 23 到 26个从峡部到肛门的有龙骨的鳞甲。 在眼中心的程度上面的吻尖, 通常大约眼的上面边缘的水平。 颚骨短或中等的; 第一个上颚骨小的, 椭圆形。 在鳃裂的上半部后面的一个黑色斑块。

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Coastal pelagic (Ref. 68964). Presumably schooling, inshore and entering estuaries. More precise data needed, based on correct identifications. If this is the species being referred to in Ref. 6841, then the principal food of the young would be prawns and copepods, supplemented by polychaetes and amphipods.

推测为群游, 沿海地区而且进入河口。 需要较精确的资料, 以正确的鉴定为依据。 如果这参考文献 6841 是提到的鱼种,那么幼鱼的主要食物将会是虾与被附加多毛类动物与片脚类动物的桡脚类的动物。

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

印度-太平洋: 波斯灣向東至緬甸,安達曼群島與檳榔; 台灣南至阿拉弗拉海 (參考文獻 9819) ,澳洲與巴布亞新幾內亞的北海岸; 砂勞越; 一個記錄從博寧群島; 可能菲律賓; 也許不向東至 Hebrides, 等等。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Whitehead, P.J.P., G.J. Nelson and T. Wongratana, 1988. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (Suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/2):305-579. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 189)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 123251)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 17 July 2017

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 商业性
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

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特别资料

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网络资源

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 25 - 29.3, mean 28.6 °C (based on 1528 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00550 (0.00407 - 0.00742), b=3.09 (3.03 - 3.15), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.51 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 1.7 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  高度, 族群倍增时间少于 15个月 (K=0.66-1.32; tmax=4).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (16 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Medium.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 360 [184, 727] mg/100g ; Iron = 2.08 [1.18, 3.77] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.5 [16.9, 19.9] % ; Omega3 = 1.02 [0.44, 2.41] g/100g ; Selenium = 55.2 [23.1, 140.7] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 9.14 [2.20, 27.33] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.92 [1.22, 3.04] mg/100g (wet weight);