分類 / Names
共通名の | 類義語 | Catalog of Fishes(部類, 種) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
板鰓亜鋼(サメとエイ類) (sharks and rays)
(Ground sharks) > Pseudotriakidae
Etymology: Gollum: Taken from a personnage of the J.R.R.Tolkien works "The Lord of the rings".
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; 海 深海魚; 深さの範囲 120 - 660 m (Ref. 26346), usually 400 - 600 m (Ref. 13566). Deep-water; - 46°S
Southwest Pacific: occurs off New Zealand and on rises between New Zealand and the east coast of Australia, New Caledonia, and Fiji just south of the Western Central Pacific. Placement in Proscyllidae provisional, probably will be relocated in Pseudotriakidae.
Length at first maturity / サイズ / 重さ / 年齢
Maturity: Lm ?, range 70 - ? cm
Max length : 107 cm TL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 6893); 109.2 cm TL (female)
形態学 | 形態計測学
背面の脊椎 (合計): 0; 背鰭 (合計): 0; 肛門の骨 0; 臀鰭: 0. Caudal fin without a rippled dorsal margin and ventral lobe but with a strong subterminal notch; vertebral axis of caudal fin little raised above body axis (Ref. 13566).
An uncommon to common deep-water bottom-dwelling shark found on the outermost continental shelf and upper slope of New Zealand and on adjacent seamounts and submarine banks (Ref. 13566). Seems adapted to waters of about 10°C and 34.8 ppt salinity (Ref. 6893). Feeds on a wide variety of fishes, cephalopods, and other invertebrates (Ref. 13566). Probably in schools (Ref. 13566). Females grow slightly larger than males (Ref. 13566). Ovoviviparous, embryos feeding on yolk sac and other ova produced by the mother, uterine milk is consumed additionally (Ref. 50449). Two young are born per litter (Ref. 13566).
Life cycle and mating behavior
成熟 | 繁殖 | 放精 | 卵 | 生産力 | 幼生
Exhibit ovoviparity (aplacental viviparity), embryos feed on yolk and ova, also consume uterine milk (Ref. 50449). With usually 2 young per litter (Ref. 13566). Fetuses eat unfertilized eggs and store consumed yolk in their yolk sacs (Ref. 13566). Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205).
Compagno, L.J.V., 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 2 - Carcharhiniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/2):251-655. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 244)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
協力者画像Stamps, Coins Misc.音シガテラ（食中毒の名前）速度泳ぐ 型式カマOtoliths脳視覚
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 7.9 - 10.1, mean 9.5 °C (based on 24 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.8125 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00363 (0.00138 - 0.00954), b=3.12 (2.90 - 3.34), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
栄養段階 (Ref. 69278
): 4.2 ±0.4 se; based on diet studies.
回復力 (Ref. 120179
): 非常に低い, １４年以上の倍増期間の最小個体群 (Fec=2).
弱み (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (58 of 100) .