Cyprinella bocagrande, Largemouth shiner

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Cyprinella bocagrande (Chernoff & Miller, 1982)

Largemouth shiner
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drawing shows typical species in Leuciscidae.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Leuciscidae (Minnows) > Pogonichthyinae
Etymology: Cyprinella: Latin, cyprinus = carp (Ref. 45335);  bocagrande: From its large mouth (Ref. 42680).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 淡水 底中水层性.   熱帶

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

North America: endemic to Guzman basin, northern Mexico.
北美洲: Guzman 流域,墨西哥北部的特有種。

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.1 cm SL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 13265)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 0; 背的软条 (总数): 8-9; 臀棘 0; 臀鳍软条: 7 - 9; 脊椎骨: 30 - 32. Modally 8 anal-fin rays; 29 or more predorsal circumferential scales; absence of basicaudal spot; breast fully scaled; upper jaw large, length greater than 9.4% SL, extending under orbit; gular stripe reaching under orbit, not to isthmus; breeding males with many large tubercles over head, with narrow gap on rostrum, not organized into rows, less than 16 non-marginal tubercles on caudal-peduncle scales; both breeding males and females with distinct plum-colored lateral stripe below iridescent light-yellow stole; and scapular bar absent or weak; mouth terminal to subterminal (Ref. 42680).
形态上的 8个臀鳍棘条; 29个或更多前背的圆周鳞片; 缺乏基尾骨斑点; 胸部完全覆盖着鳞片; 上颌大的, 长度大于 9.4% SL, 在眼窝下面延伸; 喉部的斑纹在眼窝下面达到, 不对峡部; 繁殖雄性有 , 许多大的瘤结在头上,有狭窄的在喙上的间隙 , 不被编入列, 少于 16个非边缘的小瘤在尾梗上鳞片; 两者的繁殖期的雄性而雌鱼有明显的青紫色-彩色的侧面斑纹在彩虹色的之下淡黄色的偷; 而且肩胛横带不存在或弱的; 口端位到接近端位的.(参考文献 42680)

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Inhabits spring, most adults occur in the upper meter of the water column and near the margins of the cattails or in the growth of cattails surrounding the spring. Few individuals are found in the open water column and near the substrate; relatively few fish are seen in the shallow marginal waters. Forms schools of at least 500-600 individuals .

栖息于泉水中, 大多数的成鱼出现在水团的上面几公尺与在香蒲花的边缘的附近或在香蒲花丛中泉水周围。 少数个体被发现于开放水域与在底部的附近; 相当少见的鱼在边缘浅水区中被见到。 至少 500-600个个体形成鱼群。

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

北美洲: Guzman 流域,墨西哥北部的特有種。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Mayden, R.L. and D.M. Hillis, 1990. Natural history and systematics of the largemouth shiner, Cyprinella bocagrande (Teleostei: Cypriniformes), with comments on conservation status. Copeia 1990(4):1004-1011. (Ref. 13265)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 123251)

  极度濒危 (CR) (B1ab(i,ii,iii)+2ab(i,ii,iii)); Date assessed: 18 September 2018

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

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特别资料

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网络资源

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | 核实 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: , | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: 基因组, 核苷酸 | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | 树状分类阶层 | Wikipedia: 转至, 搜寻 | World Records Freshwater Fishing | 动物学的记录

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00851 (0.00374 - 0.01935), b=3.06 (2.87 - 3.25), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.1   ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  高度, 族群倍增时间少于 15个月 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .