Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Smiliogastrinae
Etymology: Pseudobarbus: Greek, pseudes = false + Latin, barbus = barbel (Ref. 45335). More on author: Boulenger.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Subtropical; 31°S - 33°S
Africa: Occurs in the Berg River system and Verlorenvlei Rivers, southwest Cape. Probably extinct in the Eerste River, Cape Province, South Africa (Ref. 2801). Decline caused by habitat deterioration and impact of introduced predatory species (Ref. 3881). Western Black Sea basin: from Kamchiya (Bulgaria) to Düzdere drainages (Turkey) (Ref. 59043).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 6 - ? cm
Max length : 12.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7248)
Usually found near vegetation except when the water is turbid. It can tolerate extreme conditions and survive in various habitats from small streams to large impoundments. Feeding habits varied in different seasons: for small fish benthic feeding during spring and midwater feeding during summer; larger fish fed on corixid bugs during summer but switched to chironomid larvae and zooplankton in winter. Capable of jumping when ascending rapids (Ref. 6465).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Skelton, P.H., 1993. A complete guide to the freshwater fishes of southern Africa. Southern Book Publishers. 388 p. (Ref. 7248)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
Endangered (EN) (B1ab(i,ii,iii,iv,v)+2ab(i,ii,iii,iv,v)); Date assessed: 22 December 2016
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.40 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) .