Salmo pallaryi

Salmo pallaryi Pellegrin, 1924

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> Salmoniformes (Salmons) > Salmonidae (Salmonids) > Salmoninae
Etymology: Salmo: Latin, salmo, Plinius = salmon (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Pellegrin.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ökologie

; süßwasser pelagisch; tiefenbereich - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ).   Subtropical; 0°C -

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Africa: once known from Lake Aguelman de Sidi Ali in Morocco (Ref. 55619, 94553), but now extinct (Ref. 50056).

Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 28.1 cm SL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 55619); 21.4 cm SL (female); max. veröff. Gewicht: 111.00 g (Ref. 94730)

Kurzbeschreibung Morphologie | Morphometrie

Rückenflossenstacheln (insgesamt): 0; Rückenflossenweichstrahlen (insgesamt): 12-16; Afterflossenstacheln 0; Afterflossenweichstrahlen: 12 - 16; Wirbelzahl: 56 - 59. Diagnosis: Salmo pallaryi differs from all other Salmo species and archaic trouts, except for S. platycephalus, by the overall dusky brown or blackish colour pattern, without contrasting colouration on trunk and fins in adults; it is most easily distinguished from S. platycephalus by the deep and narrow, sometimes pointed snout and large orbit, 25-31% of head length vs. the broad and flat snout and small orbit, 22% of head length, and more numerous scales, usually 18-20 vs. 16, between adipose fin and lateral line; it differs further in having number of anal fin pterygiophores 12-14, other Salmo species and archaic trouts have 10-12 (Ref. 55619).

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

It feeded on amphipod crustaceans and insects (Ref. 55619). Salmo pallaryi most probably spawned during late summer or early autumn (Ref. 55619). Supposed extinction of S. pallaryi was probably caused by altering trophic condition as a result of introduction of Cyprinus carpio in 1934 to Lake Sidi Ali (Ref. 50056, 55619).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator | Partner

Delling, B. and I. Doadrio, 2005. Systematics of the trouts endemic to Moroccan lakes, with description of a new species (Teleostei: Salmonidae). Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 16(1):49-64. (Ref. 55619)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 124695)

  Ausgestorben (EX) ; Date assessed: 31 January 2006

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Harmless





Nutzung durch Menschen

Fischereien: nicht kommerziell
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Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01047 (0.00495 - 0.02215), b=3.03 (2.86 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Widerstandsfähigkeit (Ref. 120179):  mittel, Verdopplung der Population dauert 1,4 - 4,4 Jahre. (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Verwundbarkeit (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (40 of 100) .