Petrocephalus sullivani

Petrocephalus sullivani Lavoué, Hopkins & Kamdem Toham, 2004

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drawing shows typical species in Mormyridae.

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> Osteoglossiformes (Bony tongues) > Mormyridae (Elephantfishes)
Etymology: Petrocephalus: Latin, petra = stone + Greek, kephale = head (Ref. 45335);  sullivani: This species is dedicated to John P. Sullivan, colleague and friend of the authors, in recognition of his contributions to the systematics of the Mormyridae.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ökologie

; süßwasser benthopelagisch.   Tropical

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Africa: Widespread in Gabon. It has been collected from the Ogooué basin (excepting its most upper and lower reaches), the Ntem and Ivindo basins, and the Nyanga basin. On numerous occasions, the authors collected this species together with P. simus (Ref. 52344).

Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.3 cm SL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 52344)

Kurzbeschreibung Morphologie | Morphometrie

Petrocephalus sullivani is distinguished from all other Petrocephalus species from Gabon by the following characters: 20 to 25 branched rays in the dorsal fin and 24 to 30 in the anal fin; 14 to 20 scales (average 17.5) between the anterior base of the anal fin and the lateral line; mouth clearly inferior (distance between anterior extremityof th esnout and corner of the mouth between 2.7 and 4.4 times in head length; mouth opens under the posterior half of the eye, whereas in P. simus and P. balayi it opens under the anterior half of the eye); large eye (diameter of the eye between 3.0 and 4.1 times in head length, average 3.6); and no sub-dorsal black spot. The EOD is short (216 ms mean duration) with a peak FFT frequency of 9597 Hz. The EOD presents a prominent third phase (P3) with an amplitude of 12.8% of peak-to-peak height. Eye relatively large. Eye diameter between 3.0 and 4.1 times in head length (average 3.5) (Ref. 52344).

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

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Lavoué, S., C.D. Hopkins and A. Kamdem Toham, 2004. The Petrocephalus (Pisces, Osteoglossomorpha, Mormyridae) of Gabon, Central Africa, with the description of a new species. Zoosystema 26(3):511-535. (Ref. 52344)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 123251)

  nicht bedroht (LC) ; Date assessed: 16 February 2009

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Harmless





Nutzung durch Menschen

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Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01549 (0.00672 - 0.03569), b=2.83 (2.65 - 3.01), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Widerstandsfähigkeit (Ref. 120179):  hoch, Verdopplung der Population dauert weniger als 15 Monate. (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Verwundbarkeit (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (11 of 100) .