Pateobatis hortlei, Hortle's whipray

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Pateobatis hortlei (Last, Manjaji-Matsumoto & Kailola, 2006)

Hortle's whipray
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Pateobatis hortlei   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Pateobatis hortlei (Hortle\
No image available for this species;
drawing shows typical species in Dasyatidae.

Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes(Genus, Soort(en)) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii (haaien en roggen) (sharks and rays) > Myliobatiformes (Stingrays) > Dasyatidae (Stingrays) > Urogymninae
Etymology: Pateobatis: Combination of Latin 'pateo' for 'lie open, be exposed' and 'batis' for skate, ray or flatfish; referring to the eclectic nature of members of this group.;  hortlei: Named for Kent Hortle.  More on authors: Last, Manjaji-Matsumoto & Kailola.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; marien; brakwater demersaal; diepteverspreiding 2 - 7 m (Ref. 58025), usually - m (Ref. ).   Tropical; 0°C -

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Western Pacific: eastern Indonesia (Irian Jaya), Papua New Guinea and northern Australia.

Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 70.7 cm WD mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 58025); 65.4 cm WD (female)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Distinguished by the following combination of characters: subcircular disc, very angular anteriorly, length 1.1 times DW; pectoral-fin apices broadly rounded; snout extremely elongate, 11-18 times orbit diameter, 96-99° angle; snout to maximum disc width 52-58% of DW; orbit very small, diameter 0.4-0.5 of spiracle length, 3.8-6.3 times in interorbital distance; mouth not greatly protrusible; prepelvic process not expanded; 1-3 enlarged, flattened, pearl-shaped mid-scapular denticles; denticles of main band in two main sizes in adults, crowns plate-like to heart-shaped; dorsal disc uniformly yellowish, brownish, or greyish; ventral surface of adults usually canary yellow in fresh material, often black around oronasal region and gill slits; pectoral fin radials 135-143; pelvic-fin radials 22-28; total vertebral centra 99-108 (Ref. 58025).

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

Demersal inshore; commonly found over shallow intertidal mud flats and in estuaries in only several metres depth. Viviparous, with histotrophy. Presumably feeds on crustaceans, molluscs and small fishes. Caught regularly, but usually avoided, by beach seine fisheries operating in intertidal habitats. Possibly adversely affected by mangrove loss. Utilized for its meat, and possibly also for its skin and cartilage. (Ref.58048).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator : McEachran, John | Medewerkers

Last, P.R., M. Manjaji-Matsumoto and P.J. Kailola, 2006. Himantura hortlei n. sp., a new species of whipray (Myliobatiformes: Dasyatidae) from Irian Jaya, Indonesia. Zootaxa (1239):19-34. (Ref. 58025)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 124695)

  Kwetsbaar, zie IUCN Rode Lijst (VU) (A4cd); Date assessed: 11 July 2007

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Harmless





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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 27.9 - 29.2, mean 28.8 °C (based on 264 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5312   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00832 (0.00366 - 0.01891), b=3.10 (2.90 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Weerstandsvermogen
Kwetsbaarheid (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (72 of 100) .