Pateobatis hortlei, Hortle's whipray

Pateobatis hortlei (Last, Manjaji-Matsumoto & Kailola, 2006)

Hortle's whipray
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Pateobatis hortlei   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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drawing shows typical species in Dasyatidae.

Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes(Gattung, Arten) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii (Haie und Rochen) (sharks and rays) > Myliobatiformes (Stingrays) > Dasyatidae (Stingrays) > Urogymninae
Etymology: Pateobatis: Combination of Latin 'pateo' for 'lie open, be exposed' and 'batis' for skate, ray or flatfish; referring to the eclectic nature of members of this group.;  hortlei: Named for Kent Hortle.  More on authors: Last, Manjaji-Matsumoto & Kailola.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ökologie

; seewasser; brackwasser demersal; tiefenbereich 2 - 7 m (Ref. 58025).   Tropical

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

Western Pacific: eastern Indonesia (Irian Jaya), Papua New Guinea and northern Australia.

Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 70.7 cm WD Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 58025); 65.4 cm WD (female)

Kurzbeschreibung Morphologie | Morphometrie

Distinguished by the following combination of characters: subcircular disc, very angular anteriorly, length 1.1 times DW; pectoral-fin apices broadly rounded; snout extremely elongate, 11-18 times orbit diameter, 96-99° angle; snout to maximum disc width 52-58% of DW; orbit very small, diameter 0.4-0.5 of spiracle length, 3.8-6.3 times in interorbital distance; mouth not greatly protrusible; prepelvic process not expanded; 1-3 enlarged, flattened, pearl-shaped mid-scapular denticles; denticles of main band in two main sizes in adults, crowns plate-like to heart-shaped; dorsal disc uniformly yellowish, brownish, or greyish; ventral surface of adults usually canary yellow in fresh material, often black around oronasal region and gill slits; pectoral fin radials 135-143; pelvic-fin radials 22-28; total vertebral centra 99-108 (Ref. 58025).

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

Demersal inshore; commonly found over shallow intertidal mud flats and in estuaries in only several metres depth. Viviparous, with histotrophy. Presumably feeds on crustaceans, molluscs and small fishes. Caught regularly, but usually avoided, by beach seine fisheries operating in intertidal habitats. Possibly adversely affected by mangrove loss. Utilized for its meat, and possibly also for its skin and cartilage. (Ref.58048).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator : McEachran, John | Partner

Last, P.R., M. Manjaji-Matsumoto and P.J. Kailola, 2006. Himantura hortlei n. sp., a new species of whipray (Myliobatiformes: Dasyatidae) from Irian Jaya, Indonesia. Zootaxa (1239):19-34. (Ref. 58025)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 123251)

  gefährdet, siehe IUCN Red List (VU) (A4cd); Date assessed: 11 July 2007

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Harmless





Nutzung durch Menschen

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 27.9 - 29.2, mean 28.8 °C (based on 264 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5312   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00813 (0.00359 - 0.01840), b=3.11 (2.90 - 3.32), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Widerstandsfähigkeit (Ref. 120179):  niedrig, Verdopplung der Population dauert 4,5 - 14 Jahre. ().
Verwundbarkeit (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (72 of 100) .